Wiktionary:Kata kerja tak beraturan dalam bahasa Inggris

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Kata kerja tak beraturan dalam bahasa Inggris (English irregular verbs) akan mengambil bentuk lampau dan bentuk perfect yang berbeda-beda.

Tipe A-A-A
a. hit - hit - hit
b. cost - cost - cost
c. cut - cut - cut
d. let - let - let
Tipe A-B-A
a. become-became-become
b. come - came - come
c. run - ran - run
Tipe A-B-B
a. build - built - built
b. have - had - had
c. pay - paid - paid
d. read - read (dieja /red/) - read (dieja /red/)
Tipe A-B-C a. begin - began - begun
b. do - did - done
c. eat - ate - eaten
d. sing - sang - sung

Daftar kata kerja tidak beraturan[sunting]

No bentuk present tense (simple form/infinitive) bentuk lampau (past tense/simple past) bentuk perfect tense (past participle) Catatan/arti
1 abide abode / abided abode / abided tinggal, ada
2 arise arose arisen bangkit, timbul
3 awake awoke / awaked awoken / awaked bangun
4 be was, were been adalah
5 bear bore borne / born (nato) lahir, memikul
6 beat beat beat / beaten memukul
7 become became become menjadi
8 befall befell befallen menimpa
9 beget begot / begat begot / begotten memperanak
10 begin began begun mulai
11 behold beheld beheld memiliki
12 bend bent bent membengkokkan
13 bereave bereft / bereaved bereft / bereaved merampas
14 beseech besought / beseeched besought / beseeched memohon
15 beset beset beset menimpa
16 bespeak bespoke bespoke / bespoken memperlihatkan
17 bestrew bestrewed bestrewed / bestrewn menamburkan
18 bet bet / betted bet / betted bertaruh
19 betake betook betaken
20 bethink bethought bethought
21 bid bid bid menawar
22 bid bade / bid bade / bid / bidden
23 bide bode / bided bode / bided
24 bind bound bound mengikat, menjilid
25 bite bit bit / bitten menggigit
26 bleed bled bled berdarah
27 blend blent UK / blended US blended mencampur
28 bless blest / blessed blest / blessed memberkati
29 blow blew blown meniup
30 break broke broken merusak, pecah
31 breastfeed breastfed breastfed
32 breed bred bred menternakan
33 bring brought brought membawa
34 broadcast broadcast broadcast
35 browbeat browbeat browbeat / browbeaten
36 build built built membangun
37 burn burnt / burned burnt / burned membakar
38 burst burst burst meledak
39 bust bust / busted bust / busted
40 buy bought bought membeli
41 can could been able to bisa
42 cast cast cast melempar
43 catch caught caught menangkap
44 chide chid / chided chid / chidden memarahi
45 choose chose chosen memilih
46 cleave clove cloven membelah
47 cleave cleft / cleaved cleft / cleaved
48 cling clung clung melekat
49 colorbreed colorbred colorbred
50 come came come datang
51 cost cost cost berharga
52 creep crept crept merangkak
53 crow crew / crowed crew / crowed berkokok
54 cut cut cut memotong
55 deal dealt dealt menyepakati
56 dig dug dug menggali
57 dive dove US / dived UK dove US / dived UK menyelam
58 do (irregular 3a sing.: does [dʌz]) did done mengerjakan, melakukan
59 draw drew drawn menarik, menggambar
60 dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed bermimpi
61 drink drank drunk meminum
62 drive drove driven mengendarai
63 dwell dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled menghuni
64 eat ate eaten memakan
65 enwind enwound enwound
66 fall fell fallen jatuh
67 feed fed fed memberi makan
68 feel felt felt merasakan
69 fight fought fought berkelahi
70 find found found menemukan
71 fit fit fit
72 fit fit / fitted fit / fitted
73 flee fled fled melarikan diri
74 fling flung flung melempar
75 fly flew / flied (baseball) flown / flied (baseball) menerbangkan
76 forbear forbore forborne
77 forbid forbade / forbid forbidden / forbid melarang
78 forecast forecast US / forecasted UK forecast US / forecasted UK meramal
79 forego forewent foregone
80 forefeel forefelt forefelt
81 foreknow foreknew foreknown
82 forerun foreran forerun
83 foresee foresaw foreseen
84 foreshow foreshowed foreshown / foreshowed
85 forespeak forespoke forespoken
86 foretell foretold foretold
87 forget forgot forgotten / forgot melupakan
89 forgive forgave forgiven memaafkan
90 forgo forwent forgone
91 forsake forsook forsaken melalaikan
92 forswear forswore forsworn
93 freeze froze frozen membeku
94 get got got UK / gotten US mendapatkan
95 ghostwrite ghostwrote ghostwritten
96 gild gilt / gilded gilt / gilded menyepuh
97 give gave given memberi
98 go went gone pergi
99 grave graved graven / graved
100 grind ground ground mengasah
101 grow grew grown tumbuh
102 hagride hagrode hagridden
103 handwrite handwrote handwritten
104 hang hung hung menggantung
105 have (irregular 3a sing.: has) had had mempunyai
106 hear heard heard mendengar
107 heave heaved / hove heaved / hove mengangkat
108 hew hewed hewn menebang
109 hide hid hidden menyembunyikan
110 hit hit hit memukul
111 hold held held memegang
112 housesit housesat housesat
113 hurt hurt hurt melukai
114 input input / inputted input / inputted memasukkan
115 inset inset inset menyisipkan
115 Cook Cooked Cooked Memasak
116 interbreed interbred interbred
117 interweave interwove interwoven
118 keep kept kept menjaga
119 ken kenned / kent kenned / kent
120 kneel knelt UK / kneeled US knelt UK / kneeled US berlutut
121 knit knit / knitted knit / knitted merajut
122 know knew known mengetahui
123 lay (to put, to place; transitive) laid laid menaruh
124 lead led led memimpin
125 lean leaned US / leant UK leaned US / leant UK bersandar
126 leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped melompat
127 learn learned US / learnt UK learned US / learnt UK belajar
128 leave left left meninggalkan
129 lend lent lent meminjamkan
130 let let let membiarkan
131 lie lay lain berbaring
132 light lit / lighted lit / lighted menyalakan
133 lip-read lip-read lip-read
134 lose lost lost kehilangan
135 make made made membuat
136 may might
137 mean meant meant berarti
138 meet met met bertemu
139 miscast miscast miscast
140 mishear misheard misheard
141 mislay mislaid mislaid
142 mislead misled misled
143 misread misread misread
144 misspell misspelled US / misspelt UK misspelled US / misspelt UK
145 mistake mistook mistaken
146 misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood salah paham
147 mow mowed mown UK / mowed US memotong rumput
148 outbid outbid outbid / outbidden
149 outdo outdid outdone mengerjakan secara berlebihan
150 outgrow outgrew outgrown
151 outrun outran outrun
152 outsell outsold outsold
153 overcast overcast overcast
154 overcome overcame overcome
155 overdo overdid overdone
156 overdraw overdrew overdrawn
157 overeat overate overeaten
158 overhang overhung overhung
159 overhear overheard overheard
160 overlay overlaid overlaid
161 overlie overlay overlain
162 overpay overpaid overpaid
163 override overrode overridden
164 overrun overran overrun
165 oversee oversaw overseen
166 oversell oversold oversold
167 overshoot overshot overshot
168 oversleep overslept overslept
169 overtake overtook overtaken
170 overthrow overthrew overthrown
171 panic panicked panicked merasa panik
172 partake partook partaken mengambil bagian
173 pay paid paid membayar
174 pen penned / pent penned / pent
175 picnic picknicked picknicked berlibur, bertamasya
176 plead pled / pleaded pled / pleaded
177 pre-set pre-set pre-set
178 proofread proofread proofread
179 prove proved UK / prove US proved UK / proven US membuktikan
180 put put put menaruh
181 quit quit quit pergi keluar, meninggalkan, berhenti
182 read read (/red/, ucapan "red") read (/red/, ucapan "red") membaca
183 reave reft / rove reft / reaven
184 rebind rebound rebound
185 rebuild rebuilt rebuilt membangun kembali
186 recast recast recast menyiarkan kembali
187 redo redid redone mengulang, mengerjakan kembali
188 relay relaid relaid
189 remake remade remade
190 rend rent UK / rended US rent UK / rended US mengoyak
191 repay repaid repaid membayar kembali
192 rerun reran rerun
193 resell resold resold menjual kembali
194 reset reset reset
195 rethink rethought rethought berfikir lagi
196 rewind rewound rewound memutar kembali
197 rewrite rewrote rewritten menulis kembali
198 rid rid / ridded rid / ridded mengusir
199 ride rode ridden menunggang
200 ring rang rung berdering
201 rise rose risen terbit
202 rive rived / rove rived / riven
203 run ran run berlari
204 saw sawed sawed / sawn menggergaji
205 say (irregulare 3a sing.: says [sɛz]) said said berkata
206 see saw seen melihat
207 seek sought sought mencari
208 sell sold sold menjual
209 send sent sent mengirim
210 set set set menata
211 sew sewed sewn / sewed menjahit
212 shake shook shaken mengocok
213 shall should should dapat
214 shave shaved / shove shaved / shaven mencukur
215 shear shore / sheared shorn / sheared
216 shed shed shed melepaskan
217 shine shone / shined shone / shined berkilau
210 shite shit / shat / shited shit / shat / shited
220 shoe shoed / shod shoed / shod
221 shoot shot shot menembak
222 show showed shown / showed mempertunjukan
223 shrink shrank UK / shrunk US shrunk UK / shrunken US mengkerut
224 shrive shrove / shrived shriven
225 shut shut shut menutup
226 sing sang sung menyanyi
227 sink sank sunk tenggelam
228 sit sat sat / sitten / setten duduk
229 slay slew / slayed slain / slayed membantai
230 sleep slept slept tidur
231 slide slid slid meluncur
232 sling slung / slang slung melempar
233 slink slunk / slinked slunk / slinked menyelinap
234 slit slit slit membelah
235 smell smelled US / smelt UK smelled US / smelt UK berbau
236 smite smote smitten / smote mengambil hati, menghantam
237 sneak sneaked UK / snuck US sneaked UK / snuck US menyelinap
238 sow sowed sowed / sown menebar benih
239 speak spoke spoken berbicara
240 speed sped UK / speeded US sped UK / speeded US mempercepat
241 spell spelled US / spelt UK spelled US / spelt UK mengeja
242 spend spent spent membelanjakan
243 spill spilt / spilled spilt / spilled menumpahkan
244 spin spun spun berputar
245 spit spit US / spat UK spit US / spit UK meludah
246 split split split membelah
247 spoil spoiled / spoilt spoiled / spoilt memanjakan
248 spoon-feed spoon-fed spoon-fed
249 spread spread spread menyebarkan, mengoles
250 spring sprung US / sprang UK sprung meretakkan, melepaskan
251 stand stood stood berdiri
252 steal stole stolen mencuri
253 stick stuck stuck menempelkan
254 sting stung stung menyengat
255 stink stank / stunk stunk berbau busuk
256 strew strewed strewn / strewed menaburkan
257 stride strode stridden melangkahi
258 strike struck stricken menyerang
259 strike struck struck / stricken
260 string strung strung menalikan
261 strive strove / strived striven / strived berjuang
262 swear swore sworn bersumpah
263 sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated berkeringat
264 sweep swept swept menyapu
265 swell swelled swollen / swelled membengkak
266 swim swam swum berenang
267 swing swung swung berayun
268 take took taken mengambil
269 teach taught taught mengajar
270 tear tore torn merobek
271 tell told told menceritakan
272 think thought thought berfikir
273 thrive throve US / thrived UK thriven US / thrived UK berkembang
274 throw threw thrown melempar
275 thrust thrust thrust mendorong
276 tread trod trodden / trod menempuh
277 unbind unbound unbound
278 undergo underwent undergone
279 underlie underlay underlain
280 understand understood understood mengerti
281 undertake undertook undertaken
282 underwrite underwrote underwritten
283 undo undid undone mengerjakan kembali
284 unwind unwound unwound
285 uphold upheld upheld menegakkan
286 upset upset upset sedih, mengecewakan
287 wake woke / waked woken / waked bangun, membangunkan
288 waylay waylaid waylaid
289 wear wore worn memakai
290 weave wove woven menenun
291 wed wed / wedded wed / wedded mengawini
292 weep wept wept menangis
293 wend went (arcaico) went (arcaico)
294 wet wet / wetted wet / wetted basah
295 will would would akan
296 win won won memenangkan
297 wind wound wound menggulung
298 withdraw withdrew withdrawn menarik
299 withhold withheld withheld mencegah
300 withstand withstood withstood bertahan
301 work worked / wrought worked / wrought bekerja
302 wring wrung wrung memeras, meremas
303 write wrote written menulis
304 zinc zincked / zinced zincked / zinced

Aturan umum bagi kata kerja beraturan[sunting]

1. Jika kata kerja itu berakhiran dengan konsonan maka tambahkan -"ed":

-walk walked
-climb climbed
-laugh laughed

2. Tetapi penambahan akhiran -"ed" bisa mengubah ucapan, oleh karena itu konsonan harus digandakan, seperti:

-sip sipped bukan: siped
-net netted bukan: neted
-pad padded bukan: paded
-mop mopped bukan: moped
-sup supped bukan: suped

|- | -cal |called |bukan: caled

3. Jika kata kerja berakhiran "e", maka cukup tambahkan "d":

-like liked
-rate rated
-impede impeded
-telephone telephoned
-refute refuted

4. Untuk kata kerja berakhiran "y", ubah "y" menjadi "i" dan tambahkan "ed":

-carry carried
-copy copied
-cry cried
-spy spied
-try tried


The following is a list of all irregular verbs occurring at least twice in the Corpus of Current American English.

be, do, have, read, spread, lead, misread, tread, reread, re-read, plead, bleed, breed, feed, speed, shed, wed, upbraid, forbid, bid, outbid, underbid, rid, build, rebuild, hold, uphold, withhold, behold, understand, stand, misunderstand, withstand, spend, send, bend, lend, unbend, find, bind, wind, grind, unwind, unbind, lade, hide, ride, slide, override, stride, flee, see, oversee, foresee, clothe, lie, underlie, make, take, undertake, shake, mistake, wake, overtake, forsake, remake, awake, partake, retake, re-make, betake, strike, come, become, overcome, shine, shoe, rise, arise, lose, choose, write, bite, rewrite, smite, underwrite, co-write, overwrite, re-write, leave, weave, interweave, heave, shave, give, drive, forgive, dive, strive, shrive, thrive, prove, freeze, dig, hang, overhang, bring, sing, string, swing, spring, cling, fling, sting, ring, sling, wring, teach, beseech, catch, break, speak, sneak, stick, seek, think, sink, drink, shrink, stink, slink, work, deal, steal, feel, kneel, spoil, fall, befall, tell, sell, swell, dwell, foretell, resell, spell, misspell, spill, dream, swim, mean, lean, begin, spin, win, learn, born, burn, run, overrun, outrun, re-run, over-run, undo, overdo, outdo, go, forego, forgo, undergo, leap, keep, sweep, sleep, creep, weep, hear, wear, tear, bear, swear, overhear, shear, forbear, beat, eat, bet, meet, get, forget, let, set, upset, offset, beset, reset, inset, preset, off-set, wet, fight, light, fit, hit, split, slit, knit, spit, sit, quit, shoot, overshoot, hurt, cast, broadcast, forecast, recast, typecast, telecast, newscast, miscast, rebroadcast, comcast, podcast, webcast, cablecast, re-cast, hoist, cost, burst, thrust, bust, cut, undercut, shut, put, input, output, draw, withdraw, redraw, re-draw, saw, shew, strew, sew, show, blow, mow, know, grow, throw, overthrow, overgrow, outgrow, regrow, over-grow, sow, lay, slay, overlay, waylay, underlay, mislay, pay, repay, underpay, overpay, say, unsay, gainsay, fly, buy

irregular simple past forms irregular past participles

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