Pengguna:Rtnf/Abjad Ibrani

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Alphabet[sunting]

Templat:main The descriptions that follow are based on the pronunciation of modern standard Israeli Hebrew.

letter IPA Name of letter Pronunciation
Unicode[1][2] Hebrew[3] Modern Hebrew
pronunciation
Yiddish / Ashkenazi
pronunciation
Sephardi

pronunciation

Approximate western European equivalent[4]
א Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPA link Alef אָלֶף IPA: /ʔalɛf/ IPA: /ʔaləf/ IPA: /ʔalɛf/ (never written) ʔalways spoken ʔat the beginning ʔof words with vocal ʔanlaut
בּ Templat:IPAblink Bet בֵּית IPA: /bet/ IPA: /bɛɪs/, IPA: /bɛɪz/ IPA: /bɛt/ b as in black
ב Templat:IPAblink בֵית IPA: /vet/ IPA: /vɛɪs/, IPA: /vɛɪz/ /vɛt/ v as in vogue
ג Templat:IPAblink Gimel גִּימֵל IPA: /ˈɡimel/ IPA: /ˈɡɪməl/ /ˈɡimɛl/ g as in gold
ד Templat:IPAblink Dalet דָּלֶת IPA: /ˈdalɛt/, IPA: /ˈdalɛd/ IPA: /ˈdaləd/, IPA: /ˈdaləs/ /ˈdalɛt/ d as in doll
ה Templat:IPAblink~Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPA link He הֵא IPA: /he/, IPA: /hej/ IPA: /hɛɪ/ IPA: /he/ h as in hold
ו Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink Vav וָו IPA: /vav/ IPA: /vɔv/ /vav/ v as in vogue
ז Templat:IPAblink Zayin זַיִן IPA: /ˈzajin/, IPA: /ˈza.in/ IPA: /ˈzajɪn/ IPA: /ˈzajin/ z as in zoo
ח Templat:IPAblink~Templat:IPAblink Het חֵית IPA: /χet/ IPA: /χɛs/ /ħɛt/ ch as in challah
ט Templat:IPAblink Tet טֵית IPA: /tet/ IPA: /tɛs/ /tɛt/ t as in tool
י Templat:IPAblink Yod יוֹד IPA: /jod/, IPA: /jud/ IPA: /jʊd/ IPA: /jud/ y as in yolk
כּ Templat:IPAblink Kaf כַּף IPA: /kaf/ IPA: /kɔf/ /kaf/ k as in king
כ Templat:IPAblink~Templat:IPAblink כַף IPA: /χaf/ IPA: /χɔf/ IPA: /χaf/ ch as in challah
ךּ Templat:IPAblink כַּף סוֹפִית IPA: /kaf sofit/ IPA: /ˈlaŋɡə kɔf/ IPA: /kaf sofit/ k as in king
ך Templat:IPAblink~Templat:IPAblink כַף סוֹפִית IPA: /χaf sofit/ IPA: /ˈlaŋɡə χɔf/ /χaf sofit/ ch as in challah
ל Templat:IPAblink Lamed לָמֶד IPA: /ˈlamɛd/ IPA: /ˈlaməd/ IPA: /ˈlamɛd/ l as in luck
מ Templat:IPAblink Mem מֵם IPA: /mem/ IPA: /mɛm/ IPA: /mɛm/ m as in mother
ם מֵם סוֹפִית IPA: /mem sofit/ IPA: /ˈʃlɔs mɛm/ IPA: /mɛm sofit/ m as in mother
נ Templat:IPAblink Nun נוּן IPA: /nun/ IPA: /nʊn/ /nun/ n as in night
ן נוּן סוֹפִית IPA: /nun sofit/ IPA: /ˈlaŋɡə nʊn/ IPA: /nun sofit/ n as in night
ס Templat:IPAblink Samekh ְסָמֶך IPA: /ˈsamɛχ/ IPA: /ˈsaməχ/ IPA: /ˈsamɛχ/ s as in sight
ע Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPA link ʻAyin עַיִן IPA: /ʕajin/, IPA: /ʕa.in/ IPA: /ʕajɪn/ /ʕajin/ (silent)
פּ Templat:IPAblink Pe פֵּא, פֵּה IPA: /pe/, IPA: /pej/ IPA: /pɛɪ/ IPA: /pe/ p as in pool
פ Templat:IPAblink פֵא, פֵה IPA: /fe/, IPA: /fej/ IPA: /fɛɪ/ /fe/ f as in full
ף פֵא סוֹפִית,
פֵה סוֹפִית
IPA: /fe sofit/, IPA: /fej sofit/ IPA: /ˈlaŋɡə fɛɪ/ IPA: /fe sofit/ f as in full
צ Templat:IPAblink Tsadi צַדִי, צדיק IPA: /ˈtsadi/ IPA: /ˈtsadi/, IPA: /ˈtsadɪk/ /ˈtsadik/ ts as in cats
ץ צַדִי סוֹפִית,
צדיק סופית
IPA: /ˈtsadi sofit/ IPA: /ˈlaŋɡə ˈtsadɪk/, IPA: /ˈlaŋɡə ˈtsadək/ IPA: /ˈtsadik sofit/ ts as in cats
ק Templat:IPAblink Qof קוֹף IPA: /kuf/, IPA: /kof/ IPA: /kʊf/ /kuf/ k as in king
ר Templat:IPAblink~Templat:IPAblink Resh רֵישׁ IPA: /ʁeʃ/ IPA: /ʁɛɪʃ/ IPA: /reʃ/ r as in ripe
שׁ Templat:IPAblink Shin שִׁין IPA: /ʃin/ IPA: /ʃɪn/ IPA: /ʃin/ sh as in shop
שׂ Templat:IPAblink שִׂין IPA: /sin/ IPA: /sɪn/ /sin/ s as in sight
תּ Templat:IPAblink Tav תּו IPA: /tav/, IPA: /taf/ IPA: /tɔv/, IPA: /tɔf/ /tav/ t as in tool
ת תָו IPA: /sɔv/, IPA: /sɔf/ /tav/ th as in thought

Note that dotless tav, ת, would be expected to be pronounced /θ/ (voiceless dental fricative), but this pronunciation was lost among most Jews due to its not existing in the countries where they lived (such as in nearly all of Eastern Europe). Yiddish modified this /θ/ to /s/ (cf. seseo in Spanish), but in modern Israeli Hebrew, it is simply pronounced /t/.

  1. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama unicode_names_of_hebrew_glyphs_at_unicode.org
  2. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama unicode_names_of_hebrew_glyphs_at_fileformat.info
  3. Kaplan, Aryeh. Sefer Yetzirah: The Book of Creation. pp. 8, 22.
  4. Templat:Cite web