Wiktionary:ProyekWiki bahasa Indonesia/Kamus Linguistik

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Harimurti Kridalaksana (2008). Kamus Linguistik (ed. 4). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-979-22-3570-8.

Daftar istilah linguistik[sunting]

Istilah Bahasa asing
(misal, Inggris)
Lihat pula Asal bahasa
abjad alphabet alfabet, aksara
ablatif absolut ablative absolute
ablaut ablaut, ..., vowel gradation
abreviasi, kata penggal, kependekan abbreviation penyingkatan, pemenggalan, akronimi, kontraksi, lambang huruf, kependekan
absorpsi absorption
Abstand, Ausbau Jerman
abstrak abstract
adaptasi adaptation
adaptasi selektif selection adaptation
adnominal
adposisi adposition
adstratum
adverbia adverb
adverbial
aerometri aerometry
afasia, disfasia aphasia
afasiologi aphasiology
afektif, emotif affective, emotive
aferesis, afesis aphaeresis prosiopesis afesis
afiks affix prefiks, sufiks, infiks, simulfiks, konfiks, suprafiks
afiksasi affixation
afinitas affinity
afonia, disfonia aphonia, disphonia
afrasia aphrasia
afrikat affricate
agens agent pelaku
aglutinasi agglutination sandi
aglutinatif agglutinative
agnatus agnate
agnosia
agrafia agraphia
agramatisme aggramatism
ahli fonemik phonemicist
ahli fonetik phonetician
ajektiva adjective
ajektival adjectival frasa ajektival
Akademi bahasa language academy
akademisisme academicism
akar root, radical dasar
akomodasi accomodation
akrofoni acrophony
akrolek acrolect
akronim acronym
akronimi acronymy
aksara, tulisan script abjad, alfabet, slsilah aksara
aksen accent logat
aksen sengau nasal twang
accent aigu Pr.
accent circonflêxe Pr.
accent grave Pr.
aksentologi accentology
aktif active klausa aktif
aktualisasi foregrounding, actualisation manifestasi
akuem akueme
akulturasi acculturation
akustika accoustics
alalia
alam pikiran dan bahasa thought and language
alaringal alaryngeal
alat instrument instrumen
alat ucap organ of speech, speech organs bagan alat ucap
aleksia alexia
alfabet alphabet abjad, aksara
alfabetis ?
algoritme algorithm
alih bahasa, penerjemahan translation (v)
alih kode code switching
alinea paragraf
aliran udara air stream, breath stream
aliterasi alliteration
alofon allophone, phonetic variant
alograf allograph
alokron allochrone kronem
aloleks allolex
alomorf allomorph, morpheme alternant
alonim allonym
alosem alloseme
alotagma allotagma
aloton allotone
alternan varian
alternasi alternation
alveola, alveolum
alveolar
alveolar belakang post-alveolar
alveo-palatal
amalgam amalgam, blend, doubling, portmanteau word, telescoped word
amanat message
ambigu, aneka makna ambiguous
ambiguitas ambiguity
ambilingual
ambivalen ambivalent ambigu
ameliorasi amelioration, melioration, elevation
amesis
amplikatif, augmentatif augmentative
amplitudo amplitude
anafora anaphora
anafora zero zero anaphora
anaforis anaphoric
anagram
anakoluton-anakoluta anacoluthon-anacolutha
anakronisme anachronism
anakusis anacusis
analisis analysis
analogi analogy
ananim ananym
anaptiksis anaptyxis epentesis
anatria anarthria
anastrofe anastrophe
ancang-ancang, pengawal onset
anggapan supposition
anomali, keganjilan anomaly
anomia
antanaklasis antanaclasis
antarvokal intervocalic
anteseden antecedent anafora, katafora
antiergatif-absolut anti-ergaive absolute
antisipasi anticipation
antitesis antithesis
antonim antonym
antonimi antonymy
antonomasia
antropomorfisme anthropomorphism
antroponimi anthroponymy
anuswara Skr.
aoritus aorist
apeks apex
apelativa appelative
apikal apical
apiko-alveolar apico-alveolar
apiko-dental apico-dental
aplikasi application
apodosis apodosis, consequence
apokope apocope
aposiopesis
aposisi apposition
apostrofe apostrophe
apparatus criticus editio maior L.
apraksia apraxia
aprosodi, disprosodi aprosody, dysprosody
aptronim aptronym
arah perkembangan drift
area
argot Pr.
argumen argument
aritenoid arytenoid
arkaisme archaism, atavism, revival form
arkifonem archiphoneme
arkileksem archilexeme
arti meaning makna, pengertian
artikel article
artikulasi articulation
artikulator articulator, movable speech organ
asal, etimon etymon, root
asal-usul bahasa origin of speech, origin of language
asibilan assibilant
asibilasi assibilation
asilabis asyllabic
asilimasi assimilation
asindeton asyndeton
asonansi assonance
aspek aspect
aspirasi aspiration
aspirat aspirate
asterisk
ater-ater J.
atelis atelic
atlas dialek dialect atlas
atmanepada Skr.
atribut attribute
audiogram
audiologi audiology
audiometer
augmentatif, amplikatif augmentative
aural aural
autosegmental
avyayi-bhava Skr.
awakode decode
awal keliru false start
awal pembunyian initiation
bagian kalimat sentence part
bahasa language
bahasawan native speaker
bahuvrihi Skr.
bangun konstruksi
barbarisme barbarism
basa J.
basa-basi
BASIC English Ing.
basilek basilect
bêche-la-mar, Beach-la-Mar, bêche de mer, Bislama Pr.
behaviorisme behaviorism
beku formulaic, fossilized, stereotyped
bel bel
belakang back
benefaktif benefactive
bentuk, forma form
berat heavy
berita pernyataan
berkas isoglos bundle of isoglosses
bermakna meaningful
bernyawa animate
bersuara voiced
bersuara lw. tak bersuara voice vs. voiceless
bertahap gradable
bertutur, bicara speaking
betina, feminin
betul-salah corectness
bidal (maxim)
bidal percakapan maxims of conversation
bidang makna semantic area
bidialektal bidialectal
bidialektisme bidialectism
bi-ekuatif bi-equative
bi-intransitif bi-intransitive
bikulturalisme biculturalism
bilabial bilabial
bilabio-dental bilabio-dental
bilangan, jumlah number
bilangan pokok cardinal number
bilangan tingkat ordinal number
bilingual bilingual
bilingualisme bilingualism
binding theory Ing.
biner binary
binomial binomial
biolinguistik biolinguistics, biological linguistics
bisemi bisemy
bisik whisper
bising, gangguan noise
bitransitif bitransitive
bounding theory Ing.
braille
brakilogi brachylogy
brêve Pr.
bundar rounded
bundar lw. tak bundar rounded vs. non-rounded
bunyi sound
buta huruf illiteracy
cabang branch
cacat bahasa speech defeect, speech disorder, speech impediment
cakra J.
campur kode code mixing
candrasangkala
cara artikulasi manner of articulation, mode of articulation
carakan J.
caret Ing.
cecak J.
cedal lamdacism, lamdaism
cedilla Sp.
ceklik, klik click
chômeur Pr.
ciri feature
codex unicus Lat.
competence vs performance Ing.
construtio ad sensum Lat.
control theory Ing.
dakhil covert
daktilologi dactylology
dammah Ar.
dasanama J.
dasar base
dasar terikat bound stem
daun lidah blade
daya ilokusi illocutionary force
daya kemampuan gramatika power of grammars
de-ajektival de-adjectival
de-etimologisasi de-etymologisation
definiendum L.
definiens L.
definisi definition
defleksi deflection, deflexion
defonologisasi defonologization
deiksis deixis
deiktis deictic
deklaratif declarative modus indikatif
deklinasi declension
dekonstruksi decostruction
dekreolisasi decreolization
delabialisasi delabialisation, unrounding, lip srpeading
demografi bahasa linguistic demography
demonstrativa demonstrative
demotik demotic
denasalisasi denasalisation
denominal, denominatif denominal, denominative
denotasi denotation
dental dental
dentawyanjana J.
depalatalisasi depalatalisation
dependensi dependency
deret sequence
derivasi derivation
derivasi balik back formation, inverse derivation
derivasi zero zero derivation
desibel decibel
desinens desinence
deskripsi struktur structural description
deskriptivisme descriptivism
determinator determiner
determinator umum indefinite determiner
deverbal, deverbatif deverbal, deverbative
diadokokinesis diadochokinesis
diaresis trema
diafon diaphone
diagram pohon tree diagram
diagram silsilah, silsilah family tree
diakritik diacritic, diacritical sign
diakronis diachronic
dialek dialect
dialektal dialectal
dialektologi dialectology
dialektologi kota urban dialectology
dialinguistik dialinguistics
diamorf diamorph
diasistem diasystem
diatesis voice II
diatipe ragam bahasa
diatopik diatopic
diferensial semantis semanti differential
diftong diphthong
diftongisasi diphthongisation
difusi diffusion
difusi leksikal lexical diffusion
diglosia diglossia
digraf digraph
diksi diction
diminutif diminutive
dina dyne
dinamisme komunikatif communicative dynamism
dipalatalisasikan palatalised consonant, soft-consonant
diplomatika diplomatics
diptotos diptote
disambiguasi pengawataksaan
disartria dysarthia
disilabis disyllabic
disimilasi dissimilation
disjungsi disjunction
disjungtif disjunctive
dislalia dyslalia
disleksia dyslexia
disonansi dissonance
disprosodi dysprosody
disritmia dysrhythmia
distingtif distinctive, functional, contrastive, relevant, significant
distribusi distribution
distribusi komplementer complementary distribution
distribusionalisme distribusionalism analisis distribusi
ditransitif ditransitive
divergensi divergence, dialectalisation
dominasi domination
dorsal dorsal
dorsum dorsum
dualis dual
dualisme semantis dualist theory of meaning, dyadic theory of meaning
dualitas struktur duality of structur artikulasi ganda
dvanda Skr.
dvigu Skr.
dwibahasa bilingual
dwibina lingga Bali
dwilingga J.
dwilingga bawa ma J.
dwilingga salin swara J.
dwimaya lingga Bali
dwipurwa J.
dwipurwa wisesana lingga J.
dwisama lingga Bali
dwisamatra lingga Bali
dwiwasana J.
edisi kritis critical edition
editio maior apparatus criticus L.
efisiensi efficiency
egresif egressive
eja spell out
ejaan spelling
ejektif ejective
ekabahasa, unilingual, monolingual, monoglot monolingual monolingual
ekolalia echolalia
ekologi bahasa ecology of language
eksaminasi examination
eksegesis exegesis
eksofasia exophasia
eksofora exophora
eksonim
eksosentris exocentric frasa eksosentris, konstruksi eksosentris
eksplikatur
eksplisit explicit
eksplosif explosive
ekstensi extention
ekstraposisi extraposition
ekuatif equative
ekuivalensi equivalence
ekuivalensi dinamis dynamic equivalence
elektro-aerometer electro-aerometer
elektrokimograf electrokymograph
elektrolaringograf electrolaryngograph
elektromiografi electromyography
elektropalatograf elektropalatograph
elisis ellipsis
eliptis elliptical kalimat eliptis
elisi elision afesis, sinkope, apokope
embolalia
emendasi emendation
emik lw. etik emic vs. etik etik dan emik
empati bunyi phonetic empathy
empirisme empiricism
endofasia endophasia, internal speech
endofora endophora anafora, katafora
endosentris endocentric frasa endosentris, konstruksi endosentris
enklisis enclisis
enklitik enclitic
ensiklopedia encyclopaedia
entri entry, vocabulary entry
epanalepsis epanalepsis
epentesis epenthesis, excrescent
epifora epiphora
epiglotis epiglottis
epigrafi epigraphy
epistemologi epistemology
eponim eponym
ergatif ergative kasus ergatif
ergatif-absolut, ergativitas ergative-absolute, ergativity kasus ergatif
ergativitas terpisah split ergativity
état de langue dialek temporal Pr.
etik dan emik etic & emic
etimologi etimology
etimologi rakyat, kerata basa folk etimology
etimon, asal etymon
etnografi komunikasi ethnography of communication
etnolinguistik ethnolinguistics
etnometodologi ethnomethodology
eufemisme euphemism
eufoni euphony
eusistolisme
evaluasi evaluation measure
exordium Lat.
extended standard theory Ing.
faktif factive
faringal pharyngeal
faringalisasi pharyngealisation
faring hidung nasal pharynx
fase phase
fase artikulasi phase of articulation
fathah Ar.
feminin jenis
fi'il Ar.
fi'il amr Ar.
fi'il lazim Ar.
fi'il madhi Ar.
fi'il mudhari Ar.
fi'il muaaddi Ar.
filogeni phylogeny
filologi philology
filologi modern modern philology
filonim ?
filsafat bahasa linguistic philosophy
filter filter
filum phylum
fleksi flection
fokus focus
fon phone
fonem phonem (phoneme)
fonematik, fonemik phonematics, phonemics
fonemik taksonomis taxonomic phonemics
fonemis phonemic
fonemisasi phonemization
fonestem phonaestheme
fonestenia phonaesthenia
fonestetika phonaesthetics
fonetik phonetics
foniatrika phoniatrics
fonik phonics
fonis phonic
fonologi phonology (Brit.), phonemics (Amer.)
fonologisasi phonologization
fonometri phonometrics
fonon phonon
fonostilistika phonosylisics
fonotaktik phonotactics
fonotipi phonotypy
forma, bentuk form
formal, formil formal
formalis formalist
formalisasi formalization
formalisme formalism
forman formant
formatif formative, formant
formil, formal formal
fortis fortis
frasa phrase
fraseologi phraseology
frekuensi frequency
frikatif fricative
fungsi function
fungsional functional
fungsionalisme functionalism
fungtor functor
gagap stammer, stutter
gallicisme Pr.
gancaran J.
gangguan, bising noise
garis isosintagmis isosyntagmic line
garis isotonis isotonic line
gatra slot
gaya style
gelombang bunyi sound wave
geminasi, pembakuan bahasa, bunyi kembar geminate pemanjangan fonem
generalisasi generalization
generatif generative
generativisme generativism
generik generic
generalized phrase structure grammar (GPSG) HPSG Ing.
genitif partitif partitive genitive
genre sastra literary genre
genus, jenis gender
geografi bahasa linguistic geography
gerakan linguistik linguistic movement
gerund gerund
gerundif gerundive
getar trill
ghair munsarif Ar.
glos gloss
glosarium glossary
glosem glosseme
glosematik glossematics
glosogenetika glossogenetics
glosograf glossograph
glosolalia glossolalia
glotal glottal
glotalisasi glottalisation
glotis glottis
glotograf glotograph
glotokronologi glottochronology
teori GB government/binding theory
gradasi gradience
graf graph
grafem grapheme
grafem suprasegmental suprasegmental grapheme
grafemik graphemics
grafetik graphetics
grafologi graphology
gramatika, tata bahasa grammar
gramatikal grammatical
gramatikalisasi grammaticalization
gugus cluster
guna vrddhi Skr.
gutural guttural
guoyu Tionghoa
Gwoyeu Romatzyh, guoyu luomazi Tionghoa
haborotan, haboruan Batak Toba
hacek caret Ing.
haluaan Batak Toba
hambatan closure
hambat lw. tak hambat checked vs. unchecked
hamzah glottal stop
hanacaraka J., Sd.
hapax legomenon L.
haplografi haplography
haplologi haplology
harafiah
harakah, vokal Ar.
harmonik harmonic
hasil
hatadingan Batak Toba
head-driven phrase structure grammar (HPSG) GPSG Ing.
hentian stop, occlusive
hertz
heterofemi heterophemy
heterograf heterograph
heterografi heterography
heteroklitus heteroclite L.
heteronim heteronym
heteronimi heteronymy
heuristis heuristic
hiatus hiatus
hibrida hybrid word
hidronimi hydronymy
hidup
hierarki hierarchy, rank scale
hija Ar.
hilangnya bunyi loss of sound
hiperakusis hyperacusis
hiperbole hyperbole
hiperklas hyperclass
hiperkorek hypercorrection, hyperurbanism, over-correction
hiperkreolisasi hypercreolization
hipernasalitas hypernasality
hiperurbanisme hyperurbanism
hipoakusis hypoacusis
hipokoristik hypocoristic, term of endearment
hiponim, hiponimi hyponym, hyponymy
hipokorisme hypocorism
hipostatisasi hypostatization
hipotaksis hypotaxis
hipotaktis hypotactic
hiragana hiragana Jepang
hirup implosion
historiografi linguistik linguistic historiography
historisisme historicism
holofrasis holophrase
homofon homophone
homofoni homophony
homograf homograph
homografi homography
homogram homogram
homonim homonym
homonimi homonymy
homorgan bunyi homorgan
honorifik honorific
humanisme humanism
huruf letter, script, alphabet
ibarat simile kiasan
idealisasi idealisation
ideofon ideophone
ideoglosia ideoglossia
ideogram ideogram logogram, piktogram
idiolek idiolect
idiom idiom
idiomatologi idiomatology
idiotikon
ikonis iconic
iktus ictus
ilmu bahasa linguistik
ilmu pengetahuan bahasa language sciences
ilmu perbandingan bahasa linguistik historis-komparatif
ilmu politik bahasa institutional linguistics, glottopolitics
imanensi immanence
imbuhan afiks
imperatif imperative
imperatif persona ketiga third person imperative
imperfektum imperfect
implikasi pragmatis pragmatic implication
implikatur percakapan
implikatur konvensional
implisit implicit
implosi hirup
implosif implosive
indeks index
indikatif indicative modus indikatif
indikator sosial social-indicator
induk head
induk kalimat klausa utama
infiks infix
infinitif infinitive
infleksi inflection
infleksi atematis athematic inflection
infleksibel inflexible, indeclinable
infleksi tematis thematic inflextion
informan informant
informasi information
informatif informative
ingkar negative
ingkar ganda double negative
ingresif ingresive
inisiator initiator
inkorporasi incorporation, incapsulation
Innerform Ing.
inovasi innovation
insan human
inskripsi inscription
integrasi integration
intensi intension
intensitas intensity kelantangan
interaksi kaidah interaction of rules
interdental interdental
interferensi interference
interfiks interfix
interjeksi interjection
interkonsonantal interconsonantal
interlud interlude
interogatif interrogative
interpolasi interpolation
interpungsi tanda baca
intertekstualitas intertextuality
inti nucleus
intonasi intonation
intransitif intransitive
intrusi intrusion
intuisi bahasa intuition
invariabel invariable
inversi inversion
i'rab Ar.
irealis irrealis (irrealist?)
isi informasi information content
ism Ar.
ism dhamir Ar.
ism idhafat Ar.
ism isyarat Ar.
ism ma'rifat Ar.
ism mausul Ar.
ism nakirah Ar.
ismul alam Ar.
isofon isophone
isoglos isogloss
isokronisme isochronism
isoleks isolex
isomorf isomorph
isomorfis isomorphic
isomorfisme isomorphism
isoplet isopleth, isoerg, isograde
isosilabisme isosyllabism
isoteris isoteric
istilah term
istilah kekerabatan kindship terms, family terms
isyarat akustis acoustic cue (accoustic cue?)
jamak pluralis
jangkauan, lingkupan scope
jantan maskulin
jargon Ing.
jarr Ar.
jarwa J.
jarwa dosok J.
jeda pause
jejer J.
jejering lengkara Bali
jenis, genus gender
judul title
jumlah, bilangan number
kadensa cadence
kaidah rule
kakofoni cacophony
kakografi cacography
kakologi cacology
kakuminal cacuminal retrofleks
kala tense I
kaligrafi calligraphy
kalimat sentence
kamus dictionary
kanji
kapasitas saluran channel capacity
karmadharaya Skr.
kasar vulgar
kasar lw. lembut strident vs. mellow
kasrah Ar.
kasus case
kata word
katakana Jepang
katakresis catachresis, malapropism
kategori category
kausatif causative
kawan bicara addressee
kawi J.
kawi luhur J.
kawi miring J.
keadaan state
keanekaragaman bahasa variety in language
keasing-asingan translationese
kebenaran analitis analytic truth
kebenaran logis logical truth
keberettan Batak Karo
kebincaren Batak Karo
kebineran
kecap Bali, Sd.
kedaden kruna Bali
kedalaman analisis delicacy
kedalaman waktu time depth
kedwibahasaan bilingualisme
kedwiunikan bi-uniqueness
keeksplisitan explicitness
kefasihan fluency, articulacy
keganjilan, anomali anomaly
kegiatan activity
kegramatikalan grammaticality
keharafiahan literalness
kehematan economy
kejadian kata, pembentukan kata word formation
kejelasan intelligibility
kejeringan Batak Karo
kekangan hold
kekecualian exception
kekerabatan genetic relationship
kekompleksan formal formal complexity
kekompleksan kogntif cognitive complexity
kelakuan act
kelantangan loudness, volume
kelas class
kelimpahan redundancy
kelineran linearity
keliwan Batak Karo
kelompok asosiatif association group, associative field
keluarga bahasa family of languages, language family, linguistic group
kemahiran proficiency
kemampuan competence
kenasalan nasality
kendur lax
kenem ceneme
kenematik cematics
kenyaringan sonority
kepadaan adequacy
kependekan, abreviasi abbreviation
kerancuan kontaminasi
kerata basa, etimologi rakyat folk etimology, popular etimology J.
keseimbangan balance
keselarasan vokal vowel harmony
kesemenaan arbitrariness
kesenyapan silence
kesepadanan akutis-fonetis accoustic-phonetic mapping
kesepadanan fonem-grafem phoneme-grapheme correspondence
kesertaan co-occurence
kesesuaian agreement
kesetiaan faithfulness
kesinoniman sinonimi
ketakkongruenan incongruity
ketakrifan definiteness
ketakteraturan irregularity
ketelengan Batak Karo
keterangan adjunct
keteraturan regularity
keterbagian discontinuity
keterhitungan countable
keterperian accountability
ketertandaan, penandaan markedness
keterterimaan acceptability
ketolongan Batak Karo
ketrampilan skill
ketransitifan, transitivitas transitivity
ketuntasan exhaustiveness
keturunan affiliation
keutuhan cohesion
khazanah fonem inventory of phonemes
kiasan figure of speeche, figure of rhetoric, rhetorical figure
kiasmus chiasmus
kibernetika cybernetics
kilas balik flashback
kimograf kymograph
kine kine
kinem kineme
kinesika kinesics
klasifikasi classification
klausa clause
klik, ceklik click
klise cliche
klitik clitics
koartikulasi co-articulation
koda coda
kode code
kodifikasi codification
ko-hiponim co-hiponim hiponimi
koine Yun.
koligasi coligation, co-occurence
kolofon colophon
kolokasi colocation
kombinasi afiks affix combination
komen, sebutan comment
komparatif comparative
kompatibel compatible
kompleks complex
komplemen, pelengkap complement
komplementasi complementation
komponen component
kompositum kata majemuk
komunikasi communication
komutasi commutation
kondisi kontekstual contextual conditioning
kondisional conditional
konfiks, ambifiks confix
konflik homonimi homonymic loss
kongruensi congruence, agreement, concord
konjektur conjecture
konjugasi conjugation
konjungsi conjunction
konkordansi I concord kesesuaian, kongruensi
konkordansi II concordance
konkret concrete
konotasi connotation, overtone, evocatory
konsep concept
konseptualisme conceptualism
konsesif consessive
konsonan consonant
konsistensi kontekstual contextual consistency
konsonantal consonantal
konsonantal lw. nonkonsonantal consonantal vs. nonconsonantal
konstantif constantive
konstituen constituent
konstruksi construction
kontak bahasa language contact
kontak fatis phatic communion
kontaminasi contamination
konteks context
kontekstualisme contextualism
kontoid contoid
kontradiksi contradiction
kontraksi contraction, reduction
kontras contrast
kontrastif contrastive analisis kontrastif
kontur contour
konvensi X̄ (dibaca: konvensi eks-palang) X̄ construction
konvergensi convergence, dedialectalisation
konvergensi fonemis merger
koordinasi koordinasi
koordinator co-ordinator
kopula copula, copulative verb, linking verb,
equational verb, catenative verb, connector
koreferensialitas co-referentiality
korelasi correlation
korespondensi formal formal correspondence
koronal coronal
koronal lw. nonkoronal coronal vs. noncoronal
korpus corpus
kosakata vocabulary leksikon
kosok bali converse antonim J.
koteks cotext
krama J.
krama alus J.
krama inggil J.
kramantara J.
krama-ngoko J.
krasis crasis
kreol creole pijin
kreolisasi creolization
kriptografi cryptography
kriptogram cryptogram
kritik naskah textual criticism
kron chrone
kronem chronem
kronogram chronogram
kruna Bali
kruna kriya Bali
kruna polah Bali
kruna rangkep Bali
kruna tiron Bali
kualitas quality
kuantitas quantity
label pemakaian usage label
labial labial
labialisasi labialization
labiodental labio-dental
labiovelar labio-velar
lafal pronunciation
lahiriah overt
lambang symbol
laminal laminal
langage
langit-langit keras
language acquisition device Ing.
langue & parole Pr.
lapsus lapse
larangan prohibitive
laring larynx
laringal laryngeal, glottal
laringoskop laryngoscope
latar old information, given information, ground
lateral lateral
lateralisasi lateralization
latih runtun drill
latih runtun pola pattern drill, structure drill, substitution drill
Lautverschiebung Jerman
layar J.
leburan, peleburan fusion
lection difficilior L.
leksem lexeme
leksikal lexical
leksikalis lexicalist
leksikalisasi lexicalisation
leksikografi lexicography
leksikologi lexicology
leksikon lexicon, vocabulary
leksikostatistik lexicostatistic
leksis lexis
lekson lexon
leksotaktik lexotactics
lembut mellow kasar lw. lembut
lemes Sd.
lengkara Bali
lengkara laksana Bali
lengkara linaksana Bali
lengkara nandang Bali
lenis
lento bentuk lento
lentong Sd.
letupan plosion, explosion
ligatur ligature
likuida liquid
lingga J.
lingga andahan J.
lingkungan bunyi phonetic context
lingkupan, jangkauan scope
lingua franca L. Italia
linguistik linguistics
linguostilistika linguostylistics
linearisasi linearization
lininging lengkara Bali
litografi litography
litotes litotes
logogram logogram, logograph, word sign
lokalisme localism, localist hypothesis
lolos, meloloskan urutan pelolosan
loncatan tataran level skipping
longgar diffuse
luncuran glide
madya J.
madyakrama, krama madya J.
madyamapurusa J.
madya ngoko, ngoko madya J.
madyantara J.
mahaprana J.
makna meaning, linguistic meaning, sense
makrolinguistik macrolinguistics
makron macron Ing.
maksud sense makna
malaran continuant
malar lw. tak malar continuant vs. non-continuant
mandarin putonghua
manifestasi manifestation realisasi
masdar infinitif Ar.
maskulin masculine jenis
masyarakat bahasa speech community
masyarakat bahasa terpencil speech island
mati
matriks matrix
matrilex matrilect akrolek
matronim matronymic
mediae L.
medial medial
mediopalatal medio-palatal
mediovelar medio-velar
mekanolinguistik mechanolinguistics
melek huruf literacy
melimpah redundant kelimpahan
melodi melody
membaca reading
membangkitkan generate
mendatar high level
mendengar listening
mengalihkan transfer pengalihan
mengatasi dominate
mengkodekan encode
mentalisme mentalism
mentransformasikan to transform
menurun falling
menurun dan meninggi falilng and rising
menyematkan embed
mesin perekam tape recorder
metabahasa metalanguage, second order language
metafora metaphor
metafora pengabstrakan abstraction metaphor
metafrasa metaphrase penerjemahan
metalinguistik metalinguistics
metateori metatheory
metatesis metathesis
metode method
metodologi linguistik linguistic methodology
metonimia metonymy
metrika metrics
metrum metre
mikrolinguistik microlinguistics
mimik mimicry
modalitas modality
model model
modifikasi, perwatasan modification
modifikator, pewatas modifier, qualifier
modistae L.
modulasi modulation
modus mood, mode
monem moneme (Pr.)
monofonemis monophonemic
monoftong monophthong
monoftongisasi monophthongisation
monoglot monoglot monolingual
monolingual, ekabahasa, monoglot, unilingual monolingual
monolingualisme monolingualism
monolog monologue
monomorfemis monomorphemic
monosemi monosemy
monosilabe monosyllable
monosilabis monosyllabic
monosilabisme monosyllabism
monosistemis lw. polisistemis monosystemic vs. polysystemic
mora
morf morph
morfem morpheme
morfemik morphemics
morfofonem morphophoneme
morfofonemik morphophonemics morfofonologi
morfofonologi morphophonology
morfologi morphology
morfon morphon
morfonem morphoneme morfofonem
morfonologi morphonology morfofonologi
morfosintaksis morphosyntax
morfotaktik morphotactics
motivasi motivation
mudhakrama J.
multilingual multilingual, polylingual
multilingualisme multilingualism
mutasi
nada, tinggi nada pitch
nahu Ar.
naik meninggi high falling
nasal, sengau nasal
nasalisasi nasalization
nasal lw. oral nasal vs. oral
naturalisme naturalism
neksus nexus
neolinguistik neolinguistics
neologisme neologism
netral neuter
netralisasi neutralization
neurolinguistik neurolinguistics, neurological linguistics
ngoko J.
ngoko andhap J.
ngoko lugu J.
nilai value
nilai semantis semantic value
noa noa word
noem noeme
nomina noun
nominal nominal, substantive, non-equivalent
nominalisasi nominalization
nominalisme nominalism, conventionalism
nominatif nominative kasus nominatif
nominatif-akusatif nominative-accusative sistem nominatif-akusatif
non-antipasif non-antipassive konstruksi non-antipasif
nondistingtif non-distinctive ciri nondistingtif
nonsilabis non-syllablic
nonstandar non-standard
nonstatif non-stative
norma norm
normatif normative
notasi notation
numeralia numeral
nyaring sonoran
nyaring lw. taknyaring sonorant vs. non-sonorant (obstruent)
obstruen obstruent
obviatif obviative
obyek object
oklusi occlusion
oksimoron oxymoron
oksiton oxytone
onomasiologi onomasiology
onomastika onomastics, onomasiology
onomatesia onomathesia penamaan
onomatope onomatopoeia
ontogeni ontogeny
operasi mental mental operation
operator gramatikal grammatical operator
oposisi opposition
oral oral
orang kedua persona kedua
orang pertama persona pertama
ortoepi orthoepy
ortografi orthography
osilograf oscillograph
osiloskop osciloscope
otomatisasi automatization
pada foot
padha J.
padha lingsa J.
padha lungsi J.
padanan equivalent, analogue
paduan blend
paduan pinjam loan blend
palatal palatal
palatal belakang post-palatal
palatalization palatalization
palato-alveolar palato-alveolar
palatografi palatography
palatogram palatogram, glosogram
palatum palate, hard palate
paleografi paleography
paleontologi bahasa linguistic paleontology
palindrom palindrome
panambang, penambang sufiks J.
pandialektal pandialectal
panggilan call, vocative
pangkal stem
pangkal tunggal simple stem
pangkon J.
pangolat Batak Toba
paninggil Batak Toba
panjang ujaran rata-rata mean length of utterance
pankronis panchronic
panlektal panlectal
pantang bahasa tabu
paradigma paradigm
paradigmatis paradigmatic
parafasia paraphrasia
parafrasa paraphrase
paragog paragogue
paragraf paragraph
paralelisme parallelism
paralinguistik paralinguistics
paralinguistis paralinguistic
paralipsis paralipsis
paramasastra
parasmaipada Skr.
paraplasme paraplasm, paraplastic form
parasintesis parasynthesis
parasinteton parasyntheton, parasynthetic formation
parataksis parataxis
parataktis paratactic
parikata parafrasa
paroksiton paroxytone
parole langue & parole Pr.
paronim paronym
paronomasia paronomasia, pun
pars pro toto L.
partikel particle, grammatical word, closed class word,

form word, empty word, function word, structural word

pasangan J.
pasif passive
pasigrafi pasigraphy
pasimologi pasimology
paten pangkon
patologi bahasa speech patology
patronim partonimic
pedotan caesure
pelaku actor, agent
pelambangan signification
peleburan, leburan fusion
peleburan fonemis phonemic coalescence
pelemahan antarvokal invervocalic weakening
pelengkap, komplemen complement
pelenisan lenition lenis
pelesapan deletion
peluas non-restrictive
pemadatan struktural structural compression
pemahaman comprehension
pemancingan data usage
pemanjangan fonem contemporary usage
pematahan, pemuntiran data elicitation
pembakuan bahasa, geminasi, bunyi kembar geminate
pembangkitan generation
pembaruan ejaan spelling reform
pembatas restrictive
pembatasan limitation penjenjangan
pembatasan seleksi selection restriction
pembeda distinguisher
pembelajaran bahasa language learning
pembentukan kata, kejadian kata word formation
pembilang quantifier
pembinaan bahasa
pembinaan bahasa khusus
pembunyian phonation
pemeliharaan bahasa language maintenance
pemendekan shortening, clipping
pemeo
pemeri qualifier
pemerolehan bahasa, perolehan bahasa language acquisition
peminjaman, pinjaman borrowing
pemisahan fonemis phonemic split
pemolaan simetris symmetrical patterning
pemuntiran data, pematahan elicitation
penahapan staging penjenjangan
penamaan naming
penampilan performance
penanda marker
penandaan, ketertandaan markedness
penandang Bali
penataan I arrangement
penataan II editing
pencabangan branching
penciptaan kata coinage
pendengaran hearing
penderetan sequencing penjenjangan
penderita undergoer, experiencer
penegasan emphasis
penelitian lapangan field work, field study
penengen Batak Karo
penerima receptor
pengalihan transfer, switching
pengamatan observation
penganter Bali
pengartian entailment
pengaturan udara regulation
pengawakodean decoding
pengawal, ancang-ancang onset
pengawasuaraan devoicing
pengedepanan fronting
pengelompokan subgrouping
pengembangan bahasa
pengenalan wicara speech recognition
pengertian, referensi reference
penggabungan compounding
penggalan clipped word
penghembusan exhalation, expiration
penghirupan inhalation, inspiration
penghubung kalimat sentence connector, connective
pengingkaran denial, negation
pengiring Bali
pengisi gatra filler class
penglepasan release
penglepasan cepat lw. penglepasan lambat instantenous release vs. delayed release
pengolahan data collation
penguasaan government, rection
pengulangan repetition
pengungkapan, verbalisasi verbalisation
pengurangan vokal vowel reduction
pengurutan kaidah rule ordering
penilaian subyektif value judgment
penjenjangan grading
penjodoh classifier
penterjemah, penerjemah translator
penterjemahan, penerjemahan, alih bahasa translation (v)
penyadur
penyaduran retelling
penyampaian sempurna ideal delivery
penyebaran makna radiation, irradiation
penyelarasan restructuring
penyelipan layering, embedding
penyematan endosentris nesting
penyempitan stricture
penyimpangan deviance
penyimpangan puitis poetic license
penyuaran vocalisation, voicing, phonation
penyuaran antarvokal invervocalic voicing
penyukuan syllabication, syllabification
pepatah
pepet J.
peran role
perancangan programming
perangkai relator
perangkat set, open set, open list
perangkat tes test battery
perangsang stimulus
perbuatan action
percakapan conversation
peregang wicara speech stretcher
perencanaan bahasa language planning
performatif performative ujaran performatif
perhitungan frekuensi frequency count
peribahasa saying, maxim
perifrastis periphrastic
perifrasa periphrase
perintah command
periode period
peristiwa event
peristiwa bahasa language event, state of affairs
perkumpulan linguistik linguistic circle
perluasan expansion
permutasi permutation
pernyataan declaration, statement
perolehan bahasa, pemerolehan bahasa language acquisition
persepsi perception
persona person
personifikasi personification
perspektif perspective
pertalian coherence
pertanyaan question
pertuturan speech act, speech event
perujukan anaforis anaphoric reference
perulangan reduplikasi
perumpaman
perwatasan, modifikasi modification
petrografi petrography
petrogram petrogram, petrogliph
pewatas, modifikator modifier, qualifier
peyorasi peyoration
pijin pidgin
pijinisasi pidginization
piktograf pictograph piktogram
piktografi pictography
piktogram pictogram
pinggir margin
pinjaman, peminjaman borrowing, loan
pinyin Tionghoa
pisahan split
pita suara vocal bands, vocal cords, vocal folds
pleonasme pleonasm
plerem plereme, semantic component
plosif plosive
pluralis plural
poetika poetics
pokok new information
pola pattern
poler polar
polifoni polyphony
polisemi polysemy, multiple meaning
polisilabe polysyllable
polisindeton polysindeton, syndesis
polisistemis polysystemic
posisi position
post-alveolar, alveolar belakang post-alveolar
post-determinator post-determiner, post-article
postposisi post-position
postvokalis post-vocalic
praangapan presupposition
pragmatik pragmatic
pragmatika pragmatics
prapalatal pre-palatal
prasasti inscription
pratamapurusa
pravokalis prevocalic
predikasi predication
predikat predicate
predikator predicator
prefiks, awalan prefix
preposisi preposition
preskriptif prescriptive normatif
preskiptivisme prescriptivism
primary response Ing.
produksi production
produksi wicara speech production
produktif productive
progresif progressive Ing.
proklitik proclitic
proksemika prexemics
proksimat proximate
prolepsis prolepsis
pronomina pronoun
pronominal pronominal
pronominalisasi pronominalization
proparoksiton proparoxytone
proposisi proposition
prosedur procedure
proses process
prosiopesis aferesis
proskriptivisme proscriptivism
prosodem prosodeme
prosodi prosody
protasis protasis, hypothetical clause, conditional clause
protesis prothesis, prosthesis
proto-
prototipe prototype
proverba proverb
proyeksi projection
psikolinguistik psycholinguistics
pukal compact
pukal lw. longgar compact vs. diffuse
pulmonis pulmonic
puncak kenyaringan peak of sonority, peak of prominence,

syllabic peak, crest of sonority

pungtuasi tanda baca
purisme purism
purnabentuk well-formed
purwakanti guru sastra J.
purwakanti guru swara J.
purwakanti lumaksita J.
pusat central
putonghua Tionghoa
raban babbling
ragam ragam bahasa
rangka substitusi substitution frame
rasionalisme rationalism
rasio type-token type-token ratio, TTR
realisasi realisation, exponence, manifestation, representation
realisme realism
realitas kognitif cognitive reality
redaksi redaction
reduplikasi reduplication
referen referent
referensi, pengertian reference
refleks reflex
regularisasi leveling
reinterpretasi reinterpretation
rekomposisi recomposition
rekonstruksi reconstruction
reksio rection penguasaan
relativisasi relativization
relativitas bahasa linguistic relativity, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis,

neo Humboldtianism, Whorfian hypothesis,
linguistic determinism

rema rheme
rendah I grave
rendah II low
rendah lw. tirus grave vs. acute
rentang waktu duration
repertorium repertoire
resensi resencion
resonan resonant
resonansi resonance
resonator resonator
retorika rhetoric
retrofleks retroflex, cacuminal, cerebral, inverted
retrofleksi retroflexion
rima rhyme
ritme rhythm
romanisasi romanisation
rotasisme rhotacism
r penyambung linkning r
ruang makna semantic space
rujuk silang cross reference
rumpang dalam pola hole in pattern
rumpun bahasa language group
rurabasa J.
saat awal bunyi voice onset time, VOT
saduran
salah kaprah J.
salam greeting
saling menghindarkan mutually exclusive
saling pengertian mutual inteligibility
saluran channel
saluran suara vocal tract
sandangan J.
sandi sandhi
sandiasma J.
sandirasa Sd.
sandisora Sd.
sapaan, tutur sapa address
sasaran, tujuan goal
sastra lisan oral literature
satuan unit
satma Bali
schwa, shwa Ibrani
seasal cognate
sebutan, komen comment
secondary response Ing.
segmen segment, isolate
segmen embus breathed segment
segmental segmental
segmentasi segmentation
segmentator segmentator
sejarah linguistik history of linguistics
selaan interrupted
seleksi selection
sem seme
semantem semanteme
semantik semantics
semantika semantic
semboyan motto
semem sememe
semi-idiom semi-idiom
semiologi semiology
semiotika semiotics
semivokal semi-vowel, semi-consonant, glide
semotaktik semotactics
sempadan delimitation, boundary marking, demarcation
sempit lw. tak sempit flat vs. plain
sendi juncture, transition
sengau, nasal nasal
sengkalan J.
sengkalan lamba J.
sengkalan memet J.
sengkalan sastra J.
sentralisasi centralisation
sentrodomal centro-domal
sentuhan tap
seri series
seruan exclamation
sesel, seselan J.
seselan Bali
siala sikora
sibilan sibilant, groove fricative,

groove spirant, whistling consonant

signifiant Pr.
significans signifiant L.
significatum signifié L.
signifié Pr.
sikap bahasa language attitude
siklus cycle
siklus transformasi transformational cycle
sikora Batak Karo
sikurun Batak Karo
silabogram I syllabary
silabogram II syllabogram
silabis syllabic
silepsis syllepsis
silih dummy
silsilah, diagram silsilah family tree, tree
simetri symmetry
simpai node
simpulan bahasa idiom
simulfiks simulfix
sindeton syndeton, syndetic construction
sineresis syneresis
sinesis synesis
sinestesia synesthesia
singkatan
singularis singular jumlah
sinkope syncope
sinkretisme siyncretism
sinkrisis syncrisis
sinkronis syncronic
sinonim synonym
sinonim dekat near-synonym, homoionym, pseudo-synonym
sintagmatis syntagma
sintagmem syntagmeme
sintaksis syntax
sintaktika syntactics
sintesis synthesis
sintesis wicara speech synthesis
sirnamadya sinkope
sirnapurwa aferesis
sirnawekas apokope
sirkumfiks circumfix konfiks
sisi plane
sistem system
sistematis systematic
sistemis systemic
situasi situation
skolastisisme scholasticism
slang
sonagraf sonagraph
sonan sonant
sonoran sonorant
sor-singgih Bali
sosiolek sosiolect
sosiolinguistik sociolinguistics
sosiolinguistik terapan applied sociolinguistics
sosiologi bahasa sociology of language
spektograf spectograph
spektogram spectogram
spektrum spectrum
spesifik specific
spiran spirant
spondeus sponde
Sprachgebilde Jerman
standar standard
standardisasi standardization
standard theory
statif stative
status status
stema stemma
stemma L.
stemma codicum stema L.
stilistika stylistics
stilostatistika stylostatistics
strata stratum
stratifikasi stratification
stratum stratum
struktur structure
struktural structural
strukturalisme structuralism
studi wilayah deep structure, deep grammar, underlying structure
suara voice I
subfonemis subphonemic
subkategorisasi subcategorisation
subordinasi subordination
subordinat subordinate
subordinatif subordinative
subordinator subordinator
substandar substandard nonstandar
substansi substance
substansi bunyi phonic substance
substitusi substitution
substratum substratum
subyek subject
sufiks, akhiran suffix
suku I syllable
suku II J.
sukun Ar.
sulih pro-form bentuk sulih
sumbu axis
superfiks suprafiks
superordinat superordinate hiponimi
superstratum superstratum
supinum L.
suplesi suppletion
supletif supletif
suprafiks suprafiks
surat kelabai
suruhan directive
suryasangkala
swakontradiksi self-contradiction
swarabakti anaptyctic vowel
tabu taboo
tagma tagma
tagmem tagmeme
tagmemik gramatika tagmemik
tahap holofrastis holophrastic language
tajam lw. tak tajam sharp vs. nonsharp
tak beraspirasi unaspirated
tak bernyawa inanimate
tak bersuara unvoiced, voiceless
tak bundar unrounded
tak gramatikal ungrammatical
takigrafi tachygraphy
tak produktif unproductive
takrif definite
taksem taxeme, grammatical feature
taksis taxis
taksonomi taxonomy
tak teralihkan inalienable
tak teratur irregular
tak tertanda unmarked
tak terterima unacceptable
taktik tactics
tak wajar anomalous
tak wajib optional
taling J.
taling tarung J.
tamber timbre, tambre, tamber, colouring, tone-colour
ta barbuta Ar.
tamsil
tanda sign
tanggapan response
tanggapan tripurusa J.
tanwin Ar.
taraf kekariban intimacy
taraf kepadanan level of adequacy
tasrif accidence, inflection, flection
tasydid Ar.
tata bahasa, gramatika grammar
tata istilah terminology
tata nama nomenclature
tataran rank, level
tata tingkat hierarki
tatpurusha Skr.
tautofoni tautophony
tautologi tautologi
tegang tense II
tegang lw. kendur tense vs. lax
tekanan stress, accent
teknis technical
teknonim teknonym
teknonimi teknonymic
teks text
tema theme
tematisasi thematization
tembung J.
tembung andhahan J.
tembung camboran J.
tembung entar J.
tembung garba J.
tembung garba sutra wa J.
tembung garba sutra ye J.
tembung garba warga ha J.
tembung krama J.
tembung krama inggil J.
tembung krama ngoko J.
tembung ngoko J.
tembung saroja J.
tembung wantah J.
tembung yogaswara J.
tempo tempo
tengah mid
tengahan middle
tenues L.
teralihkan alienable milik teralihkan
terapi bahasa speech therapy, logopedics
teratur regular
terikat bound
terjemahan translation (n)
terminologi tata istilah
tersirat I understood
tersirat II tacit
tertanda marked
terterima acceptable
tertiary response Ing.
tesaurus thesaurus
tesitura tessitura
testing bahasa ujian bahasa
tak tarif, tidak tarif indefinite
tilda tilde
tinggi nada, nada pitch
tinggi nada dasar fundamental pitch
tingkat level
tipologi typology
tirus acute
titik artikulasi point of articulation
tmesis Yun.
token dan type type and token Ing.
ton tone
tonem toneme
tonetika tonetics
tonis tonic
topik topic
topikalisasi topicalisation
toponimi toponymy, topomasiology, topomastics, topomatology
totem pro parte L.
transformasi transformation
transformasionalis transformationalist
transitif transitive
transitivitas, ketransitifan transitivity
transkripsi transcription
transliterasi transliteration
transposisi conversion, transmutation, zero-deviation
trema Pr.
trialis trial jumlah
triftong triphthong
trigraf trigraph
trilingga J.
triptotos triptote
trisilabis trisyllabic
trokea troche
tropus trope, figure of speech
tujuan, sasaran goal
tulisan, aksara script, writing
tumpang tindih overlapping
tumpuan artikulasi bais of articulation
tunggal singularis
turun tataran down-graded, rank-shifted
tuturan narrative
tutur sapa, sapaan address
type and token Ing.
ujaran utterance
ujian bahasa language testing
ukara J.
ulang pola pattern practice
ulu, wulu J.
umlaut umlaut, vowel mutation
umpak basa Sd.
umpan, mengumpani feed
umpan balik feedback
undak-usuk Sd.
unggah-ungguh J.
ungkapan I expression
ungkapan II idiomatic expression idiom
unilingual, monolingual, ekabahasa, monoglot unilingual monolingual
universalisme universalism
untaian string, concatenation
untaian akhir terminal string
uraian kalimat parsing
urutan order
utamapurusa J.
uvular uvular
valensi valency
variabel variable
varia lectionis L.
varian variant
variasi variation
velar velar
velarisasi velarisation
velum velum
verba verb
verbal verbal
verbalisasi, pengungkapan verbalisation
vibran vibrant
visarga Skr.
vokal vowel
vokalisasi vocalisation
vokalis lw. nonvokalis vocalic vs. non-vocalic
vokatif vocative panggilan
vokoid vocoid
vox nihili L.
wacana discourse
wajib obligatory
warna bahasa, warna basa Bali
wianjana Bali
wicara speech
wignyan J.
wilayah area
wredhakrama J.
zero zero, zero alomorph
zeugma Yun.
zoosemiotika zoo-semiotics


l[sunting]

k[sunting]

Sd.

j[sunting]

i[sunting]


h[sunting]

  • hiearrki fonologis - phonological hierarchy
  • hierarki gramatikal - grammatical hierarchy
  • hierarki ketercapaian - accessibility hierarchy
  • hentian bersuara - voiced stop
  • hentian egresif - egressive stop, pressure stop
  • henian ingresif - ingressive stop, suction stop
  • hentian kompleks - complex stop
  • hentian tak bersuara - voiceless stop
  • hentian tunggal - simple stop
  • hipotesis asosiasi budaya - cultural association hypothesis
  • hipotesis Jakobson - Jacobsonian hypothesis
  • hipotesis leksikalis - lexicalist hypothesis
  • hipotesis pengurutan budaya - cultural seriation hypothesis
  • hipotesis Sapir-Whorf - Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
  • hipotesis tentang bawaan - innateness hypothesis
  • hipotesis transformasionalis - transformationalist hypothesis
  • hipotesis zaman-wilayah - age-area hypothesis
  • hubungan analogi - analogous relationship
  • hubungan asosiatif - rapports associative
  • hubungan "atau" - "or" relationship
  • hubungan "dan" - "and" relationship
  • hubungan gramatikal - grammatical relation
  • hubungan logis - logical relation
  • hubungan maksud - sense relation
  • hubungan paradigmatis - paradigmatic relationship
  • hubungan sintagmatis - syntagmatic relationship
  • hukum, hukum dalam linguistik - law, law in linguistics
  • hukum Brandes pertama, hukum R-G-H - first Brandes law
  • hukum Brandes kedua,, hukum R-D-L - second Brandes law
  • hukum bunyi - sound law, phonetic law
  • hukum Darmesteter - Darmesteter's law
  • hukum distribusi sinonim - law of distribution law
  • hukum DM
  • hukum Grassman - Grassman's law
  • hukum Grimm - Grimm's law
  • hukum implikasi - implicational law
  • hukum Lachmann - Lachmann's law
  • hukum pemancaran sinonim - law of radiation of synonyms
  • hukum pemusatan sinonim - law of synonymic attraction
  • hukum penyingkatan - law of abbreviation
  • hukum pepet
  • hukum Verner - Verner's law
  • hukum Zipf - Zipf's law

g[sunting]

  • gramatika aplikativa - applicative grammar
  • gramatika arc pair - arc pair grammar
  • gramatika bebas konteks - context-free grammar
  • gramatika dependensi - dependency grammar
  • gramatika deskriptif - descriptive grammar
  • gramatika formal - formal grammar
  • gramatika generatif - generative grammar
  • gramatika historis - historical grammar
  • gramatika kategorial - categorial grammar
  • gramatika kognitif - cognitive grammar
  • gramatika leksikal-fungsional - lexical functional grammar
  • gramatika perand-dan-referensi - role-and-reference grammar
  • gramatika makna-struktur - meaning-structure grammar
  • gramatika Montague - Montague grammar
  • gramatika pedagogis - pedagogical grammar
  • gramatika peka konteks - context-restricted grammar, context-sensitive grammar
  • gramatika relasional - relational grammar
  • gramatika semesta - universal grammar
  • gramatika sistemika - systemic grammar, system-and-structure grammar
  • gramatika skala-dan-kategori - scale-and-category grammar
  • gramatika spekulativa - speculative grammar
  • gramatika stratifikasi - stratification grammar
  • gramatika struktur frasa - phrase structure gramma, constituent structure grammar
  • gramatika tagmemik - tagmemic grammar, tagmemics
  • gramatika teknis - scientific grammar
  • gramatika terbatas - finite-state grammar
  • gramatika tradisional - traditional grammar
  • gramatika transformasi - transformational grammar
  • gramatika transformasi generatif - transformation generative grammar
  • gaya bahasa - style
  • gaya bustrofedon - boustrophedon
  • gaya diwani
  • gaya farsi
  • gaya kufi
  • gaya maghribi
  • gaya naskhi
  • gaya raihani
  • gaya ruq'ah
  • gaya thuluth
  • golongan seciri natural class
  • golongan segatra substitution class

f[sunting]

  • fungsi apelatif - appeal function
  • fungsi deiktis - deictic function
  • fungsi deliminatif - deliminative function
  • fungsi distingtif - distinctive function
  • fungsi ekspresif, fungsi emotif - expressive function, emotive function
  • fungsi estetis, fungsi puitis - aesthetic function, poetic function
  • fungsi fatis - phatic function
  • fungsi ideasional - ideational function
  • fungsi interpersonal - interpersonal function
  • fungsi kognitif - cognitive function
  • fungsi komunikatif - communicative function
  • fungsi konatif - conative function
  • fungsi kulminatif - culminative function
  • fungsi pragmatis - pragmatic function
  • fungsi proposisional - propositional function
  • fungsi referensial - referencial function
  • fungsi representatif - representative function
  • fungsi semantis - semantic function
  • fungsi sintaksis - syntactic function
  • fungsi tekstual - textual function
  • frasa adverbial - adverbial phrase
  • frasa ajektival - adjectial phrase
  • frasa apositif - appositive phrase
  • frasa eksosentris - exocentric phrase
  • frasa endosentris - endocentric phrase
  • frasa endosentris berinduk banyak - multihead endocentric phrase
  • frasa endosentris berinduk satu - single-head endocentric phrase
  • frasa koordinatif - co-ordinative phrase
  • frasa nominal - noun phrase, nominal phrase
  • frasa parataktis - paratactic phrase
  • frasa perangkai sumbu - relator axis phrase
  • frasa verbal - verbal phrase
  • fonologi autosegmental - autosegmental phonology
  • fonologi ciri pembeda - distinctive feature phonology, componential phonology
  • fonologi generatif - generative phonology
  • fonologi historis - historical phonology
  • fonologi polisistemis - polysystemic phonology
  • fonologi prosodi - prosodic phonology, prosodic analysis
  • fonologi segmental - segmental phonology
  • fonetik akustis - acoustic phonetics
  • fonetik artikulatoris - articulatory phonetics
  • fonetik auditoris - auditory phonetics
  • fonetik instrumental - instrumental phonetics, experimental phonetics, laboratory phonetics
  • fonetik parametris - parametric phonetics
  • fonetik terapan - applied phonetics
  • fonem gabungan - compound phoneme
  • fonem otonom - autonomous phoneme
  • fonem primer, fonem segmental - primary phoneme, segmental phoneme
  • fonem sekunder - secondary phoneme
  • fonem sistematis - systemaic phoneme
  • fonem suprasegmental - suprasegmental phoneme
  • fonem taksonomis - taxonomic phoneme
  • fokus budaya cultural focus
  • fokus kontras focus of contrast
  • frekuensi dasar fundamental frequency
  • frekuensi relatif kemunculan relative frequency of occurence

e[sunting]

  • Ejaan Baru Bahasa Indonesia
  • Ejaan Baru Bahasa Malaysia
  • Ejaan Fajar Asia
  • Ejaan Melindo
  • Ejaan Pembaharuan
  • Ejaan Republik/Suwandi
  • Ejaan van Ophuijsen
  • Ejaan Wilkinson
  • Ejaan Yang Disempurnakan
  • Ejaan Za'ba
  • ejaan etimologi - etymological spelling
  • ejaan fonemis - phonemic spelling
  • ejaan fonetis - phonetic spelling

d[sunting]

  • dorso-alveolar
  • dorso-palatal
  • dorso-uvular
  • dorso-velar
  • disimilasi dekat = contiguous dissimilation, juxtapositional dissimilation
  • disimilasi jauh - incontiguous dissimilation, distant dissimilation
  • disimilasi progresif - progressive dissimilation
  • disimilasi regresif - regressive dissimilation, anticipatory dissimilation, retrogressive dissimilation
  • diftong lebar - wide diphythong
  • diftong naik - ascending diphythong
  • diftong sempit - narrow diphythong
  • diftong turun - descending, diphthong, falling diphythong
  • diatesis aktif - active voice
  • diatesis medial - middle voice
  • diatesis pasif - passive voice
  • diatesis refleksif - reflexive voice
  • diatesis resiprokal - recoprocal voice
  • dialek regional - regional dialect, geographical dialect
  • dialek sosial - social dialect
  • dialek temporal - state of language, temporal dialect
  • dialek tinggi - prestige dialect
  • definisi nominal - nominal definition
  • definisi ostensif - ostensive definition
  • definisi riil - real definition

c[sunting]

  • ciri akustis - acoustic feature
  • ciri-ciri pembeda utama - major class features
  • ciri-ciri prosodis - prosodic features
  • ciri-ciri protensitas - protensity features
  • ciri-ciri rongga - cavity features
  • ciri-ciri sonoritas - sonority features
  • ciri-ciri sumber - source features
  • ciri-ciri tonalitas - tonality features
  • ciri ekspresif - expressive feature
  • ciri ekstralinguistis - extralinguistic feature
  • ciri formal - formal feature
  • ciri intralinguistis - intralinguistic feature
  • ciri khas bahasa - genius
  • ciri konfigurasi - configurational feature
  • ciri korelasi - mark of correlation
  • ciri lokal - provincialism
  • ciri melimpah - redundant feature
  • ciri nondistingtif - non-distinctive feature
  • ciri prosodis / ciri suprasegmental - prosodic feature / suprasegmmental feature, secondary phoneme, secondar feature, prosodic feature, plurisegmental feature, multisegmental feature
  • ciri sekunder - secondary feature

b[sunting]

  • bunyi alir / bunyi likuida - liquid
  • bunyi bahasa - speech sound
  • bunyi-bunyi homorgan - homorganic sounds
  • bunyi desis - sibilant
  • bunyi frikatif / bunyi geseran - fricative
  • bunyi geletar - trill
  • bunyi kembar - geminate
  • bunyi letupan - plossive, stop ->hentian
  • bunyi sampingan - lateral
  • bunyi sengau - nasal
  • bunyi sentuhan - flap
  • bilingualisme kordinat - co-ordinate bilingualism
  • bilingualisme majemuk - compound bilingualism
  • bilingualisme subordinat - subordinate bilingualism
  • bentuk akrab - intimate form
  • bentuk alegro / alegro - allegro form
  • bentuk antara - intermediate form
  • bentuk asal - underlying form
  • bentuk asing - alienism, foreignism, peregrinism, alien word
  • bentuk asterisk / bentuk hipotesis - asterisk form, starred form
  • bentuk bebas - free form
  • bentuk dasar - basic alternant, base form, canonic form
  • bentuk hormat - polite form
  • bentuk kanonisi - canonic form
  • bentuk kata - word form
  • bentuk kembar - doublet
  • bentuk lemah - weak form
  • bentuk lento -lento form
  • bentuk prototipe istilah - prototype form
  • bentuk purba - proto-form
  • bentuk sulih - pro-word, pro-form
  • bentuk tegun - hesitation form
  • bentuk terikat - bound form
  • bentuk turunan I - derived form
  • bentuk turunan II - transform
  • bentuk verba infinit - non-finite verb form, infinite verb form
  • bahasa aglutinatif - agglutinative language
  • bahasa akusatif - accusative language
  • bahasa alamiah - natural language
  • bahasa analitis / bahasa isolatif - analytic language / isolating language, radical language
  • bahasa antara - interlanguage
  • bahasa antiergatif-absolut - antiergative-absolute language
  • bahasa asing - foreign language
  • bahasa baku / bahasa standar - standard language
  • bahasa bangsawan
  • bahasa berakar inflektif - root-inflected language
  • bahasa berakar isolatif - root-isolating language
  • bahasa berpangkal inflektif - stem-inflected language
  • bahasa berprefiks - prefixing language
  • bahasa bersufiks - suffixing language
  • bahasa bertempo suku kata - syllabletimed language
  • bahasa bertempo tekanan - stress-timed language
  • bahasa berton / bahasa politonis - tone language /
  • bahasa biasa / bahasa manusia - ordinary language / natural language
  • bahasa buatan - artificial language, auxiliary language
  • bahasa campuran - mixed language
  • bahasa daerah - vernacular
  • bahasa dagang / bahasa pasar - trade language
  • bahasa dalam
  • bahasa ergatif - ergative language
  • bahasa étalon - étalon language
  • bahasa flektif / bahasa inflektif - flectional language / inflected/inflectional language
  • bahasa gaul / bahasa prokem
  • bahasa gunung
  • bahasa hidup - living language
  • bahasa holofrastis - holophrastic language
  • bahasa ibu / bahasa pertama- native language, mother language / first language
  • bahasa imigran - immigrant language
  • bahasa Indonesia
  • bahasa induk - parent language, ancestor language
  • bahasa inkorporatif - incorporative language, polysynthetic language
  • bahasa Jawi
  • bahasa kacukan
  • bahasa kasar - vulgarism, vulgar language
  • bahasa kedua - second language
  • bahasa kentum - centum language
  • bahasa kerabat - cognate language, related language, sister language
  • bahasa kesat - abusive language
  • bahasa kesusastraan - literary language -> ragam kesusastraan
  • bahasa khusus - special language
  • bahasa kiasan - figurative language
  • bahasa klasik / bahasa klasik - classical language / old language
  • bahasa konsonantis - consonantal language
  • bahasa lisan -> ragam lisan
  • bahasa madya - meso-language
  • bahasa modern - modern language
  • bahasa moyang - ancestor language, parent language
  • bahasa nasional - national language
  • bahasa nominatif-akusatif - nominative-accusative language
  • bahasa nonstandar - nonstandard language
  • bahasa obyek - object language, first-order language
  • bahasa oksitonis - oxytonc language
  • bahasa paroksitonis - paroxytonic language
  • bahasa aktif / bahasa pemberi - active language / producer language
  • bahasa (pasif) / bahasa penerima - (passive language) / consumer language
  • bahasa persatuan
  • bahasa pindahan - transplanted language
  • bahasa pinggiran - peripheral language
  • bahasa prokem
  • bahasa purba - proto-language
  • bahasa resmi - official language
  • bahasa sasaran - receptor language, target language
  • bahasa satem - satem language
  • bahasa sintetis - synthetic language
  • bahasa siul - whistle speech
  • bahasa standar - standard language
  • bahasa sumber - source language
  • bahasa terbalik - backslang
  • bahasa tulis -> ragam tulis
  • bahasa turunan - descendand language, daughter language -> keluarga bahasa
  • bahasa umum - common language, popular language
  • bahasa vokalis - vocalic language
basa (J.)

a[sunting]

  • aspek augmentatif - augmentative aspect
  • aspek diminutif - diminutive aspect
  • aspek frekuentatif - frequentative aspect, iterative aspect, habitual aspect
  • aspek habituatif - habituative aspect
  • aspek imperfektif, aspek inkompletif - imperfective aspect, inclompletive aspect
  • aspek inkoatif, aspek inseptif - inchoative aspect, inceptive aspect
  • aspek kompletif, aspek perfektif - completive aspect, perfective aspect
  • aspek kontinuatif, aspek progresif - continuative aspect, progressive aspect
  • aspek momentan - momentaneous aspect
  • aspek permansif - permansive aspect
  • aspek pungtiliar - punctiliar aspect
  • aspek repetitif - repetitive aspect
  • aspek sesatif - cessative aspect
  • aspek simulfaktif - simulfactive aspect
  • asimilasi fonemis - phonemic assimilation
  • asimilasi historis - historical assimilation
  • asimilasi jauh - distant assimilation, dilation, non-contiguous assimilation, incontiguous assimilation
  • asimilasi morfologis - morphological assimilation
  • asimilasi progresif - progressive assimilation, lag
  • asimilasi regresif - regressive assimilation, retrogressive assimilation, anticipatory assimilation
  • asimilasi resiprokal - reciprocal assimilation, coalescent assimilation
  • artikulasi ganda: artikulasi pertama, artikulasi kedua - double articulation: first articulation, second articulation
  • artikulasi primer - primart articulation
  • artikulasi sekunder - secondary articulation
  • artikel partitif, partitive article
  • artikel tak takrif - indefinite article
  • artikel takrif - definite article
  • analisis bahasa - linguistic analysis
  • analisis dengan sintesis dalam persepsi wicara - analysis by sinthesis in speech perception
  • analisis distribysi - distributional analysis
  • analisis fonemis - phonemic analysis
  • analisis Fourier - Fourier analysis
  • analisis IC, analisa unsur bawaan, analisis konstituen - IC analysis, immediate constituent analysis, constituent analysis
  • analisis kesilapan - error analysis
  • analisis komponen - component analysis
  • analisis komponen bunyi - componential analysis of sound
  • analisis komponen makna - componential analysis of meaning
  • analisis kontrastif - contrastive analysis, differential analysis, differential linguistics
  • analisis kuantifikasi - quantificational analysis
  • analisis morfemis, analisa morfologi - morphological analysis
  • analisis prosedural - procedural analysis
  • analisis segmental - segmental analysis
  • analisis soalan - item analysis
  • analisis spektrografi - spectral analysis
  • analisis untaian - string analysis
  • alternasi formal - formal alternation
  • alternasi gramatikal - grammatical alternation
  • alternasi otomatis - automatic alternation
  • aksara alfabetis - alphabetical writing
  • aksara Arab
  • aksara Aramea - Aramaic alphabet
  • aksara Brahmi
  • aksara cecak telu, aksara rekan
  • aksara choson muncha
  • aksara demotik - demotic script
  • aksara Dewanagari, aksara Nagari
  • aksara Etruski - Etruscan alphabet
  • aksara Fenisia - Phoenician alphabet
  • aksara Glagolit - Glagolitic alphabet
  • aksara grantha, aksara Pallawa
  • aksara Gupta
  • aksara Hangul
  • aksara honminjongum, aksara onmun
  • aksara hieratik - hieratic script
  • aksara hieroglif - hieroglyph script
  • aksara Hiragana
  • aksara Ibrani
  • aksara Jawi
  • aksara Katakana
  • aksara Kawi
  • aksara Kharosti
  • aksara Kiril - Cyrillic alphabet
  • aksara kursif - cursive writing
  • aksara Latin - Latin alphabet, Roman alphabet
  • aksara morfemis - morphemic script
  • aksara murda
  • aksara Nagari Awal
  • aksara ogham
  • aksara pegon
  • aksara rencong
  • aksara runa - runic alphabet
  • aksara Siddhamatrka
  • aksara silabis - syllabic writing, syllabography, syllable writing
  • aksara Yunani
  • ajektiva atributif - predicative attribute
  • ajektiva posesif - possessive adjective
  • ajektiva predikatif - adjective predicative, predicate adjectival
  • ajektiva verbal - adjective verbal
  • afiks derivatif - derivational affix
  • afiks inflektif - inflectional affix
  • afiks negatif - privative affix
  • afasia anterior - anterior aphasia
  • afasia global - global aphasia
  • afasia posterio - posterior aphasia
  • adverbia ekstraklausal
  • adverbia intraklausal
  • adverbia konjungtif - conjunctive adverb, adverbial conjuction, introductory adverb
  • abjad Arab - hija
  • abjad fonetis - phonetic alphabet
  • abjad IPA
  • abjad Jawa - hanacaraka
  • abjad Latin - Latin alphabet - aksara Latin
  • abjad Romawi - Roman alphabet - aksara Latin
aliran
  • aliran Firth - Neo-Firthian linguistics, systemic grammar, scale-and-category grammar
  • aliran glosematik, aliran Kopenhagen - glossematics, Copenhagen School
  • aliran Jenewa - Saussurean linguistics, Geveva School
  • aliran Kazan
  • aliran linguistik - linguistic school
  • aliran mekanisme - mechanistic linguistics
  • aliran mentalisme - mentalism, mentalistic linguistics
  • aliran MIT - MIT School
  • aliran Neo-Firth - Neo-Firthian
  • aliran Praha - Prague School
  • aliran Stoa - Stoics
  • aliran stratifikasi->gramatika stratifikasi
  • aliran tagmemik->gramatika tagmemik

Tokoh[sunting]

Nama belakang Nama depan Hidup
Adriani Nicolaus 1865-1926
Raja Ali Hafi bin Raja Ahmad 1809-1870
Alisjahbana Sutan Takdir 1908-1998
Ardiwinata Daeng Kanduruan 1866-1947
Aristoteles 384-322 SM
Austin John Langshaw 1911-1960
Bloomfield Leonard 1887-1949
Boaz Franz 1858-1942
Bopp Franz 1791-1867
Braille Louis 1809-1852
Branden Jan Laurens Andries 1857-1905
Bühler Karl 1879-1963
Brandstetter Renward 1860-1942
Champollion Jean-François 1790-1832
Coolsma Sierk 1840-1926
Courtenay Jan Baudouin de 1845-1929
Dempwolff Otto von 1871-1938
Donatus Aelius abad ke-4 M
Du'ali Abu's Aswad ad ?-688
Dyonisius Thrax abad ke-1 M
Esser Samuel Jonathan 1900-1944
Firth John Rupert 1890-1960
Fortunatov Filip Fedorovic 1848-1914
Grice H. Paul 1926-1985
Grimm Jacob 1785-1863
Guillaume Gustave 1883-1960
Hjelmslev Louis 1899-1965
Holle Karel Frederik 1829-1896
Humboldt Wilhelm von 1767-1835
Jakobson Roman Osipovich 1896-1982
Jespersen Otto 1860-1943
Jones Daniel 1881-1967
Jones William 1746-1794
Kern Johan Hendrik Casper 1833-1917
Khalil ibn Ahmad al 718-786/791
Klinkert Hillebrands Cornelius 1829-1913
Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm von 1646-1716
Leskien August 1840-1916
Marsden William 1754-1836
Mathesius Vilèm 1882-1946
Matthes Benjamin Frederik 1818-1908
Neubronner van der Tuuk Herman 1824-1894
Noreen Adolf 1854-1925
Ophuijsen Charles Adriaan van 1856-1917
Padmasusastra Ki 1841-1926
Pànini Dàksiputra abad ke-4 SM
Paul Hermann 1846-1921
Piaget Jean 1896-1980
Pigafetta Antonio 1491-1534
Pike Kenneth Lee 1912-2004
Plato 425-348 SM
Priscianus 512-560
Poerwadarminta Wilfridus Josef Sabarija 1903-1968
Raja Ali Haji bin Raja Ahmad 1809-1870
Ranggawarsita Raden Ngabe(h)i 1802-1873
Rask Rasmus Kristian 1787-1832
Roorda Taco 1801-1874
Sapir Edward 1884-1939
Sasrasoeganda Koewatin ?
Saussure Ferdinand de 1857-1913
Schleicher August 1821-1868
Schmidt Johannes 1843-1901
Schmidt Wilhlem 1868-1954
Schuchardt Hugo 1842-1927
Sibawaihi Abu Bishir Amir bin Uthmàn ?-793
Sweet Henry 1845-1912
Tesnière Lucien 1893-1954
Trubetzkoy Nikolaj Sergejevi^c 1890-1938
Uhlenbeck Eugenius Marius 1913-2003
Varro 116-27 SM
Verner Karl 1846-1896
Whitney William Dwight 1827-1894
Whorf Benjamin Lee 1897-1941
Wilkinson Richard James 1867-1941
Winstedt Richard Olof 1878-1966
Winter Sr. Carl Frederick 1799-1859
Wundt Wilhelm 1832-1920
Zainal Abidin (Za'ba) bin Ahmad 1895-1973
Zain Sutan Mohammad 1881-1962

Badan[sunting]

Association Phonetique Internationale/International Phonetic Association
Balai Bahasa
Bloomfieldianisme
Candrakarana
Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka
Firthianisme
Gallicisme
Humboldtisme
Indonesiago Seibu Iinkai/Komisi Bahasa Indonesia/Panitia Goena Menjempoernakan Bahasa Indonesia
International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Association -> Association Phonetique Internationale
Junggrammatiker, Neo-grammarian
Katyayana
Lautverschiebung
Komisi Bahasa Indonesia
Komisi Istilah
Kongres Bahasa Indonesia
Kongres Linguistik Internasional
Lembaga Bahasa Indonesia
Majelis Bahasa Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia
Nederlands Bijbel Genootschap
Neo Humboldtianisme
Port-Royal
Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa
Revised Extended Standard Theory
Summer Institute of Linguistics