Lampiran:Kamus bahasa Inggris – bahasa Indonesia

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Inggris Indonesia

Angka

one satu, se-
two dua
three tiga
four ampat
five lima
six enam
seven tujuh
eight delapan
nine sembilan
ten sepuluh
eleven sebelas
twelve dua belas
thirteen tiga belas
twenty dua puluh
twenty-one dua puluh satu
twenty-two dua puluh dua
thirty tiga puluh
thirty-one tiga puluh satu
one hundred seratus
one hundred and one seratus satu
one hundred and ten seratus sepuluh
one hundred and twenty seratus dua puluh
one thousand seribu
ten thousand selaksa
one hundred thousand sekati
one million sejuta

Warna

black hitam
blue biru
brown cokelat
green hijau
grey abu-abu
pink merah muda
purple ungu
red merah, merah tua
white putih
yellow kuning

Pakaian dan Rumah tangga

accounts kira-kira
air, to menjemur, menganginkan
almeirah lemari
basin mangkok
basket keranjang
bath-room kamar mandi
bed tempat tidur
bed-room kamar tidur
bell lonceng
belt ikat pinggang
bill surat hutang
blanket selimut
book buku
bottle botol
box kotak
broom sapu
brush sikat
bucket (dipper) timba
bundle bungkus
button kancing
candle lilin
candlestick kaki lilin
ceiling langit-langit
chair kursi
charcoal arang
chicks (sun-blinds) bidai
clean bersih
clean, to mencuci
clock jam
cloth kain
clothes pakaian
coat baju
comb sisir
cotton (thread) benang
cup mangkok
cupboard lemari
curtain (mosquito) kelambu
curtain (window) tirai
dish pinggan
door pintu
drawer laci
dry in the air, to menganginkan
dry in the sun, to menjemur
dust debu
dust, to menyapu
eat, to makan
envelope amplop
extinguish, to memadamkan
family keluarga
firewood kayu api
flannel kain panas
flannel shirt kemeja panas
floor lantai
flower pot pot bunga
fold, to melipat
food makanan
fork garpu
glass gelas
hammer palu
handkerchief sapu tangan
hat topi
ink tinta
iron, to menyetrika
kerosine minyak tanah
key anak kunci
kitchen dapur
knife pisau
lamp lampu
lamp glass corong
lamp wick sumbu
letter surat
light a lamp, to menyalakan lampu
lock kunci
lock, to mengunci
long chair kursi panjang
mat tikar
matches korek api
mattress tilam
measure, to (length) mengukur
medicine obat
mirror cermin
mosquito nyamuk
mosquito net kelambu
nail paku
needle jarum
newspaper surat kabar, koran
oil minyak
paper kertas
pail tong, baldi
pay, to membayar
picture gambar
pillow bantal
pillow case sarung bantal
pin peniti
plate piring
pocket kantung
saucer piring
scissors gunting
screw sekrup
sew, to menjahit
sheet selimut
shirt kemeja
shoes sepatu
singlet baju dalam
soap sabun
socks kaos kaki
sofa sofa
spectacles kaca mata
sponge spons
spoon sendok
stairs tangga
starch kanji
sweep, to menyapu
table meja
table-cloth taplak meja
tailor (chinese) tukang jahit, penjahit
tailor (indian) derji, dirzi
teapot tempat teh
thread benang
tooth-pick tusuk gigi
towel handuk
trousers celana
umbrella payung
vest baju dalam
wages gaji
wall (partition) dinding
wall (outside) tembok
wash, to mencuci, membasuh
washerman pencuci
watch jam tangan
weigh, to menimbang
white ant semut putih, anai-anai
wick sumbu
window jendela
write, to menulis

Makanan dan Masakan

almond badam
bake, to memanggang
bamboo shoots rebung
banana pisang
beans kacang
beef daging sapi
boil, to merebus
bread roti
bread fruit sukun
brinjal terung
butter mentega
cabbage kubis
cake kue
cayenne pepper lada merah
charcoal arang
cheese keju
chicken ayam
chop, to mencincang, memotong
coco-nut kelapa
coffee kopi
corn (indian) jagung
crab ketam, kepiting
cucumber timun
curry gulai, kari
custard apple buah nona
dates kurma
duck itik
egg telur
fish ikan
flour tepung
fowl ayam
fruit buah
fry, to menggoreng
ginger jahe
goose angsa
gravy kuah
guava jambu biji
heart jantung, hati
honey madu
ice es batu
ice cream es krim
indian corn jagung
jack fruit nangka
kitchen dapur
lard minyak babi
leg kaki
lemonade air limun
lime limau, nipis
liver hati
lobster udang galah
maize jagung
mango mangga
mangosteen manggis
marrow sumsum
meat daging
milk susu
mushroom jamur, cendawan
mustard sesawi
mutton daging kambing
onion bawang
orange jeruk
ox tail ekor sapi
ox tongue lidah sapi
oysters tiram
papaya pepaya
peas kacang
pepper lada
pickles acar
pigeon merpati
pine-apple nanas
plantain pisang
pork daging babi
porridge bubur
potato kentang
prawns udang
pudding puding
pumpkin labu
raisins kismis
rice (in the husk), paddy padi
rice (husked) beras
rice (cooked) nasi
roast, to memanggang
sago sagu
salad selada, selat
salt garam
sauce saos, kuah
sour-sop durian belanda
spices rempah-rempah
spinach bayam
squash labu merah
sugar gula
sweet potato ubi jalar
syrup air gula, sirup
tail ekor
tea teh
tea (infused) air teh
tea leaves daun teh
teapot tempat teh
toast roti panggang
tough keras
turkey ayam belanda, turki
turtle penyu
vegetables sayur
vinegar cuka
water, drinking water air minum
yam talas

Kuda dan Kereta

broom penyapu
brush sikat
candle lilin
carriage kereta
comb sisir
cushion bantal
drive, to mengemudi
floor lantai
groom kusir
harness pakaian kuda
hoof kuku hewan
horse kuda
kick, to menendang
lame pincang
lamp lampu
mane bulu tengkuk
mare kuda betina
matches korek api
medicine obat
oil minyak
paddy padi
pail ember
pair (of horses) sepasang
pony poni
reins tali kekang
ride, to menunggang
rub, to menggosok
saddle pelana
horseshoe sepatu kuda
sponge spons
stable kandang kuda, istal
sweep, to menyapu
swelling bengkak
vicious jahat
wheel roda
whip cambuk
wound luka

Tubuh Manusia

abdomen perut
ankle mata kaki
arm lengan
armpit ketiak
artery pembuluh darah
back punggung
beard janggut
blood darah
body badan, tubuh
bone tulang
brains otak
breath nafas
brow kening
buttocks pantat
calf of the leg betis
cheek pipi
chest dada
chin dagu
ear telinga, kuping
elbow siku
eye mata
eyeball biji mata
eyebrow alis
eyelash bulu mata
eyelid kelopak mata
face muka
finger jari
finger nail kuku
flesh daging
foot kaki
forehead dahi
gums gusi
hair (of the body) bulu roma
hair (of the head) rambut
hand tangan
head kepala
heart jantung
heel tumit
joints sendi
kidney buah pinggang, ginjal
knee lutut
knuckles buku jari
leg kaki
lip bibir
liver hati
loins pangkal paha
lungs paru-paru
moustache kumis
mouth mulut
neck leher
nerves saraf
nose hidung
nostril lubang hidung
palm (of the hand) telapak tangan
perspiration peluh, keringat
phlegm dahak, riak
pulse nadi
shin tulang kering
shoulder bahu
shoulder blade belikat
side rusuk
skin kulit
skull tengkorak
sole (of the foot) telapak kaki
spittle air liur
tears air mata
thigh paha
throat (windpipe) kerongkongan
toe jari kaki
tongue lidah
tooth gigi
uvula anak lidah
vein pembuluh darah
waist pinggang

Penyakit

abortion aborsi
abscess abses, barah
ague malaria
anaemia kurang darah
asthma sesak nafas, asma
atrophy atrofi
baldness kebotakan
bleeding pendarahan
blindness kebutaan
boil bisul
bronchitis sesak dada, TBC
bruise lebam
burn terbakar
cancer kanker
cataract katarak
cholera kolera, muntah berak
cold selesma, pilek, flu
colic mulas
constipation sembelit, konstipasi
consumption batuk kering
convulsion sawan, ayan
cough batuk
cramps kram, datang bulan
deafness tuli
debility kelemahan
diabetes kencing manis
diarrhoea diare
diphtheria sariawan
dislocation pelecok, dislokasi
dropsy sembap
dumb bisu
dysentery disentri
elephantiasis kaki gajah
epidemic sampar
epilepsy gila babi, epilepsi
evacuate, to (the bowels) buang air, berak
extracting teeth cabut gigi
fever demam
fever and ague demam kura
flatulence kentut
fracture of bone patah tulang
freckles bintik-bintik
gonorrhoea kencing nanah
gravel batu-batuan
harelip sumbing
headache sakit kepala
hemorrhage pendarahan
hemorrhoids wasir
hiccough cegukan
humpbacked bungkuk
impotence mati pucuk, impotensi
indigestion gangguan pencernaan
inflammation peradangan
insanity kegilaan
insomnia tidak dapat tidur
itch kudis
jaundice sakit kuning
leprosy kusta
leuchorrhcea, leukorrhea keputihan
lockjaw kejang mulut
lumbago sakit pinggang
mange kudis
mania gila
measles campak
menses datang bulan, menstruasi
miscarriage keguguran
moles tahi lalat
mumps gondok
nausea mual
nerve saraf
ophthalmia radang mata
palpitation debar jantung, palpitasi
palsy kelumpuhan
paralysis kelumpuhan
phthisis batuk kering
piles ambeien
pleurisy radang selaput dada
pox, smallpox cacar
rheumatism rematik
ringworm kurap
scurvy skorbut
semen mani
small-pox cacar air
sores luka
sprain keseleo
stomach-ache sakit perut
sunstroke sengatan matahari
syphilis sifilis, raja singa
toothache sakit gigi
tumour bisul, tumor
ulcer ulkus, maag
urine air kencing
vaccination vaksinasi
varicose veins varises
vomiting muntah
whooping cough batuk rejan
worms cacingan
wounds luka

Kayu

camphor kapur barus, kamper
ebony kayu arang, kayu hitam
iron-wood kayu besi
mangrove bakau, api-api
sandalwood cendana
teak jati

Istilah Kelautan

aground terkandas
ahead di muka
anchor sauh
anchor, to berlabuh
anchorage pelabuhan
astern di belakang
awning kerai
ballast tolak bara, pemberat
bange tongkang
bay teluk
boat sampan
bow haluan
buoy pelampung
cabin kabin
calm angin teduh
cape tanjung
capstan putaran jangkar
captain kapten
captain (native) nakhoda
chart peta
clear terang
cloudy berawan
collide, to melanggar
compass kompas
current arus
dark gelap
deck dek
deep dalam
drift, to terhanyut
ebb air surut
fathom depa
float, to timbul
flood tide air pasang
fog kabut
foul tersangkut
founder, to karam
galley dapur
halyards, signal tali bendera
hatch palka
hawser tambang kapal
heave up, to (anchor) bongkar sauh
heave the lead, to buang duga
helm kemudi
high water pasang penuh
hurricane taufan
island pulau
knot simpul
land darat
lead line tali duga, tali prum
leaky bocor
leeward di bawah angin
lighter tongkang
lighthouse mercusuar
lightning kilat
lights lampu, pelita
make fast, to mengikat
mast tiang
mate mualim
mist kabut
mud lumpur
oar dayung
port kiri
pump pompa
quartermaster juru mudi
raft rakit
rain hujan
rain, heavy hujan lebat
rain, light hujan rintik-rintik
rigging tali-temali
rock batu
rope tali
rudder kemudi
sail layar
sailing ship kapal layar
sailor kelasi, awak kapal
sand pasir
sand-bank beting
sea laut
sea-sick mabuk laut
shallow dangkal
shark hiu
ship kapal
shore pantai, darat
shrouds tali layar
sink, to tenggelam
slack, tide air tenang
smokestack cerobong asap
splice, to menyambung
starboard kanan
steam uap
steamer kapal api, kapal uap
steer mengemudi
stern buritan
storm angin ribut
strait selat
surf pecahan ombak
swell gelombang
tacking berpal-pal
tank tanki
tarpaulin terpal
thunder guruh
tow, to menunda (kapal tunda), menderek
twine benang ikat
vessel (european) kapal
vessel (native)) perahu
waterspout puting beliung
wave ombak, gelombang
wind angin
windlass mesin kerek
windward di atas angin
wire rope tali besi, tali kawat
wire kawat

Negara

Acheen Aceh
Amboyna Ambon
America Amerika
Arabia Arab
Borneo Brunei
Burmah Burma, Myanmar
Celebes Sulawesi
China Tiongkok
Egypt Mesir
England Inggris, Britania Raya
Europe Eropa
France Prancis
Germany Jerman
Greece Yunani
Holland Belanda
Italy Italia
Japan Jepang
Java Jawa
Macassar Makassar
Malacca Malaka
Malaya Malaya
New Guinea Papua Nugini
Portugal Portugis
Russia Rusia
Siam Thailand
Singapore Singapura
Spain Spanyol
Sumatra Sumatera
Syria Syam, Suriah
Turkey Turki

Arah Mata Angin

north utara
north-east timur laut
east timur
south-east tenggara
south selatan
south-west barat daya
west barat
north-west barat laut

Daftar Swadesh (207)

I saya, aku
you (singular) kamu, engkau
he dia
we kami (exclusive), kita (inclusive)
you (plural) kalian
they mereka
this ini
that itu
here di sini
there di sana, situ
who siapa
what apa
where di mana
when kapan
how bagaimana
not bukan, tidak
all semua
many banyak
some beberapa
few sedikit
other lain
one satu
two dua
three tiga
four empat
five lima
big besar
long panjang
wide lebar
thick tebal
heavy berat
small kecil
short pendek
narrow sempit
thin tipis
woman perempuan, wanita
man (adult male) lelaki (laki-laki), pria
man (human being) manusia
child anak
wife istri
husband suami
mother ibu
father ayah
animal binatang
fish ikan
bird burung
dog anjing
louse kutu
snake ular
worm cacing
tree pohon
forest hutan
stick ranting
fruit buah
seed biji
leaf daun
root akar
bark (of a tree) kulit kayu
flower bunga
grass rumput
rope tali
skin kulit
meat daging
blood darah
bone tulang
fat (noun) lemak
egg telur
horn tanduk
tail ekor
feather bulu
hair rambut
head kepala
ear telinga
eye mata
nose hidung
mouth mulut
tooth gigi
tongue (organ) lidah
fingernail kuku
foot kaki
leg telapak kaki
knee lutut
hand tangan
wing sayap
belly perut
guts usus
neck leher
back punggung
breast payudara
heart jantung
liver hati
to drink minum (meminum)
to eat makan (memakan)
to bite gigit (menggigit)
to suck hisap (menghisap)
to spit ludah (meludah)
to vomit muntah
to blow tiup (meniup)
to breathe nafas (bernafas)
to laugh tawa (tertawa)
to see lihat (melihat)
to hear dengar (mendengar)
to know tahu (mengetahui)
to think pikir (berpikir)
to smell cium (mencium)
to fear takut
to sleep tidur
to live hidup
to die mati
to kill bunuh (membunuh)
to fight kelahi (berkelahi)
to hunt buru (berburu)
to hit pukul (memukul)
to cut potong (memotong)
to split belah (membelah)
to stab tusuk (menusuk)
to scratch coret (mencoret)
to dig gali (menggali)
to swim renang (berenang)
to fly terbang
to walk jalan (berjalan)
to come datang
to lie (as in a bed) baring (berbaring)
to sit duduk (action, state)
to stand diri (berdiri) (action, state)
to turn (intransitive) belok (berbelok)
to fall jatuh
to give beri (memberi)
to hold pegang (memegang)
to squeeze peras (memeras)
to rub gosok (menggosok)
to wash cuci (mencuci)
to wipe hapus (menghapus)
to pull tarik (menarik)
to push dorong (mendorong)
to throw lempar (melempar)
to tie ikat (mengikat)
to sew jahit (menjahit)
to count hitung (menghitung)
to say kata (berkata)
to sing nyanyi (bernyanyi)
to play main (bermain)
to float apung (mengapung)
to flow alir (mengalir)
to freeze beku (membeku)
to swell bengkak (membengkak)
sun matahari
moon bulan
star bintang
water air
rain hujan
river sungai
lake danau
sea laut
salt garam
stone batu
sand pasir
dust debu
earth bumi
cloud awan
fog kabut
sky langit
wind angin
snow salju
ice es
smoke asap
fire api
ash abu
to burn bakar
road jalan
mountain gunung
red merah
green hijau
yellow kuning
white putih
black hitam
night malam
day hari
year tahun
warm hangat
cold dingin
full penuh
new baru
old lama, tua
good baik
bad buruk
rotten busuk
dirty kotor
straight lurus
round bulat
sharp (as a knife) tajam
dull (as a knife) tumpul
smooth licin
wet basah
dry kering
correct betul
near dekat
far jauh
right kanan
left kiri
at di
in dalam
with dengan
and dan
if kalau
because karena
name nama

Lampiran:Kamus bahasa Inggris – bahasa Indonesia/General Service List

Lampiran:Kamus bahasa Inggris – bahasa Indonesia/Basic words


Irregular verbs (300)

abide, abode/abided, abode/abided tinggal, ada, mematuhi, tempat tinggal, berdiam
arise, arose, arisen bangkit, timbul, muncul, timbul dengan, muncul
awake, awoke/awaked, awoken/awaked bangun, terjaga, terbangun, dibangunkan
be, was/were, been adalah, jadi, itu, yang, telah
bear, bore, borne/born lahir, memikul, ditanggung, (homonim: beruang-bear)
beat, beat, beat/beaten memukul, mengalahkan, dikalahkan
become, became, become menjadi
befall, befell, befallen menimpa, tertimpa
beget, begot/begat, begot/begotten memperanak, melahirkan, memperanakkan, beranak, dilahirkan, diperanakkan
begin, began, begun mulai, dimulai
behold, beheld, beheld memiliki, lihatlah, melihat
bend, bent, bent membengkokkan, tikungan, membungkuk, dibengkokkan
bereave, bereft/bereaved, bereft/bereaved merampas, memunahkan, kehilangan, berduka
beseech, besought/beseeched, besought/beseeched memohon, mohon, memohon kepada
beset, beset, beset menimpa, dilanda
bespeak, bespoke, bespoke/bespoken memperlihatkan, memesan lebih dahulu, dipesan lebih dahulu
bestrew, bestrewed, bestrewed/bestrewn menaburkan, menaburi, ditaburi
bet, bet/betted, bet/betted bertaruh, (homonim: taruhan-bet)
bestride, bestrode, bestridden
betake, betook, betaken
bethink, bethought, bethought ingatlah
bid, bid, bid menawar, (homonim: tawaran-bid)
bid, bade/bid, bade/bid/bidden memerintah, diperintahkan
bide, bode/bided, bode/bided mengulur, pertanda
bind, bound, bound mengikat, menjilid, diikat, terikat, dijilid
bite, bit, bit/bitten menggigit, gigitan, digigit
bleed, bled, bled berdarah
blend, blent/blended, blended mencampur, campuran, dicampur
bless, blest/blessed, blest/blessed memberkati, diberkati
blow, blew, blown meniup, pukulan, ditiup
break, broke, broken merusak, pecah, istirahat, patah, (homonim: bangkrut-broke)
breastfeed, breastfed, breastfed menyusui, disusui
breed, bred, bred menternakan, berkembang biak, dibesarkan
bring, brought, brought membawa, dibawa
broadcast, broadcast, broadcast menyiarkan, disiarkan, (homonim: siaran-broadcast)
browbeat, browbeat, browbeat/browbeaten menggertak, terintimidasi
build, built, built membangun, dibangun
burn, burnt/burned, burnt/burned membakar, dibakar, terbakar
burst, burst, burst meledak
bust, bust/busted, bust/busted gagal, rusak, (homonim: dada-bust)
buy, bought, bought membeli, dibeli
can, could, been able to bisa, mampu
cast, cast, cast melempar, dilempar
catch, caught, caught menangkap, tertangkap, ditangkap
chide, chid/chided, chid/chidden memarahi, mencaci, dimarahi
choose, chose, chosen memilih, dipilih
cleave, clove, cloven membelah, dibelah, terbelah,(homonim: cengkeh-clove)
cleave, cleft/cleaved, cleft/cleaved membelah, dibelah
cling, clung, clung melekat, menempel
colorbreed, colorbred, colorbred
come, came, come datang
cost, cost, cost berharga, (homonim: biaya)
creep, crept, crept merangkak, merayap
crow, crew/crowed, crew/crowed berkokok, (homonim: gagak-crow, kru-crew)
cut, cut, cut memotong, dipotong
deal, dealt, dealt menyepakati, ditangani, (homonim: kesepakatan-deal)
dig, dug, dug menggali, digali
dive, dove/dived, dove/dived menyelam, (homonim: merpati-dove)
do/does, did, done mengerjakan, melakukan, dilakukan, (homonim: selesai-done)
draw, drew, drawn menarik, menggambar, digambar, ditarik, (homonim: seri-draw)
dream, dreamt/dreamed, dreamt/dreamed bermimpi, diimpikan, (homonim: mimpi-dream)
drink, drank, drunk meminum, minum, diminum, (homonim: mabuk-drunk)
drive, drove, driven mengendarai, melaju, didorong
dwell, dwelt/dwelled, dwelt/dwelled menghuni, diam, berdiam, tinggal
eat, ate, eaten memakan, makan, dimakan
enwind, enwound, enwound
engrave, engraved, engraven/engraved mengukir, diukir, terukir
fall, fell, fallen jatuh
feed, fed, fed memberi makan, makan
feel, felt, felt merasakan, merasa
fight, fought, fought berkelahi, melawan, berjuang
find, found, found menemukan, ditemukan
fit, fit/fitted, fit/fitted cocok, pas (homonim: sehat-fit)
flee, fled, fled melarikan diri
fling, flung, flung melempar, melemparkan
fly, flew/flied, flown/flied menerbangkan, terbang, diterbangkan, (homonim: lalat-fly)
forbear, forbore, forborne menahan
forbid, forbade/forbid, forbidden/forbid melarang, dilarang
forecast, forecast/forecasted, forecast/forecasted meramal, memperkirakan, diperkirakan, (homonim: perkiraan-forecast)
forego, forewent, foregone mengorbankan, terdahulu
forefeel, forefelt, forefelt
foreknow, foreknew, foreknown mengetahui sebelumnya, diketahui sebelumnya
forerun, foreran, forerun
foresee, foresaw, foreseen meramalkan, diramalkan, menubuatkan, dinubuatkan
foreshow, foreshowed, foreshown/foreshowed
forespeak, forespoke, forespoken
foretell, foretold, foretold meramalkan, diramalkan, menubuatkan, dinubuatkan
forget, forgot, forgotten/forgot melupakan, lupa, dilupakan
forgive, forgave, forgiven memaafkan, dimaafkan, diampuni
forgo, forwent, forgone melupakan, yang hilang
forsake, forsook, forsaken melalaikan, meninggalkan, ditinggalkan
forswear, forswore, forsworn mengingkari, terkutuk
freeze, froze, frozen membeku, beku, dibekukan
get, got, got/gotten mendapatkan, mendapat, didapat
ghostwrite, ghostwrote, ghostwritten mengarang untuk orang lain
gild, gilt/gilded, gilt/gilded menyepuh, disepuh
give, gave, given memberi, diberi
go, went, gone pergi
grind, ground, ground mengasah, menggiling, digiling (homonim: tanah-ground)
grow, grew, grown tumbuh
hagride, hagrode, hagridden
handwrite, handwrote, handwritten menulis dengan tangan, ditulis tangan
hang, hung, hung menggantung, digantung, tergantung
have/has, had, had mempunyai, memiliki, telah
hear, heard, heard mendengar, didengar, terdengar
heave, heaved/hove, heaved/hove mengangkat, menghela, diangkat, dihela
hew, hewed, hewn menebang, mencincang, ditebang
hide, hid, hidden menyembunyikan, disembunyikan, tersembunyi
hit, hit, hit memukul, menekan, dipukul, ditekan
hold, held, held memegang, mengadakan, menyelenggarakan, dipegang, diadakan, diselenggarakan
housesit, housesat, housesat
hurt, hurt, hurt melukai, dilukai, terluka
input, input/inputted, input/inputted memasukkan, dimasukkan
inset, inset, inset menyisipkan, disisipkan (homonim: sisipan-inset)
interbreed, interbred, interbred kawin silang
interweave, interwove, interwoven menjalin, dijalin
keep, kept, kept menjaga, terus, dijaga
ken, kenned/kent, kenned/kent
kneel, knelt/kneeled, knelt/kneeled berlutut
knit, knit/knitted, knit/knitted merajut, dirajut
know, knew, known mengetahui, tahu, kenal, yang dikenal, diketahui, dikenal
lay, laid, laid menaruh, berbaring, meletakkan, ditaruh, diletakkan, (homonim: berbaring-lie/lay/lain)
lead, led, led memimpin, dipimpin
lean, leaned/leant, leaned/leant bersandar
leap, leapt/leaped, leapt/leaped melompat, meloncat
learn, learned/learnt, learned/learnt mempelajari, belajar, dipelajari
leave, left, left meninggalkan, pergi, ditinggalkan (homonim: kiri-left)
lend, lent, lent meminjamkan, diinjamkan
let, let, let membiarkan, biarkan, dibiarkan
lie, lay, lain berbaring, dibaringkan, (homonim: berbohong-lie/lied/lied)
light, lit/lighted, lit/lighted menyalakan, menyala, dinyalakan/berlampu, (homonim: lampu/cahaya-light)
lip-read, lip-read, lip-read membaca bibir
lose, lost, lost kehilangan, kalah, (homonim: hilang-lost)
make, made, made membuat, dibuat
may, might, might mungkin, (homonim: Mei-May, kekuatan-might)
mean, meant, meant berarti, (homonim: kejam-mean)
meet, met, met bertemu
miscast, miscast, miscast salah pilih
mishear, misheard, misheard salah mendengar, salah dengar
mislay, mislaid, mislaid salah meletakkan
mislead, misled, misled menyesatkan, disesatkan
misread, misread, misread salah membaca, salah baca
misspell, misspelled/misspelt, misspelled/misspelt salah eja
mistake, mistook, mistaken mengira, keliru, (homonim: kesalahan-mistake)
misunderstand, misunderstood, misunderstood salah paham
mow, mowed, mown/mowed memotong (rumput), memangkas, dipotong, dipangkas
outbid, outbid, outbid/outbidden kalah menawar
outdo, outdid, outdone mengerjakan secara berlebihan, mengalahkan, dikalahkan
outgrow, outgrew, outgrown mengatasi, kalah besar, terlalu besar
outrun, outran, outrun berlari lebih cepat, kalah cepat
outsell, outsold, outsold menjual lebih banyak
overcast, overcast, overcast mendung
overcome, overcame, overcome mengatasi, teratasi, diatasi
overdo, overdid, overdone berlebihan
overdraw, overdrew, overdrawn menarik terlalu banyak
overeat, overate, overeaten makan berlebihan
overhang, overhung, overhung menyelimuti, diselimuti
overhear, overheard, overheard mendengar, menguping, terdengar
overlay, overlaid, overlaid melapisi, dilapisi
overlie, overlay, overlain menindih, ditindih
overpay, overpaid, overpaid membayar lebih, membayar berlebih, membayar terlalu banyak
override, overrode, overridden mengganti, mengesampingkan, diganti
overrun, overran, overrun membanjiri, menyerbu, dibanjiri, diserbu
oversee, oversaw, overseen mengawasi, diawasi
oversell, oversold, oversold menjual terlalu banyak
overshoot, overshot, overshot menembak terlalu jauh
oversleep, overslept, overslept kesiangan, ketiduran
overtake, overtook, overtaken menyusul, menyalip, disusul, disalip
overthrow, overthrew, overthrown menggulingkan, digulingkan
panic, panicked, panicked panik
partake, partook, partaken mengambil bagian
pay, paid, paid membayar, dibayar
pen, penned/pent, penned/pent menulis, ditulis, (homonim: pena-pen)
plead, pled/pleaded, pled/pleaded memohon, meminta
proofread, proofread, proofread mengoreksi, dikoreksi
prove, proved/prove, proved/proven membuktikan, dibuktikan, terbukti
put, put, put menaruh, menempatkan, meletakkan, ditaruh, ditempatkan, diletakkan
quit, quit, quit keluar, meninggalkan, berhenti
read, read, read membaca, dibaca
reave, reft/rove, reft/reaven
rebind, rebound, rebound mengikat ulang, menjilid ulang, diikat ulang, dijilid ulang
rebuild, rebuilt, rebuilt membangun kembali, membangun ulang, dibangun kembali, dibangun ulang
recast, recast, recast menyiarkan kembali, merombak, disiarkan kembali, dirombak
redo, redid, redone mengulang,diulang
relay, relaid, relaid meneruskan, diteruskan
remake, remade, remade membuat ulang, dibuat ulang
rend, rent/rended, rent/rended mengoyak, dikoyakkan, (homonim: sewa-rent)
repay, repaid, repaid membayar, dibayar
rerun, reran, rerun menjalankan kembali, memutar ulang, dijalankan kembali, diputar ulang
resell, resold, resold menjual kembali, menjual ulang, dijual kembali, dijual ulang
reset, reset, reset mengulang, diulang
rethink, rethought, rethought memikirkan kembali, dipikirkan kembali
rewind, rewound, rewound mundur, memutar ulang, diputar ulang
rewrite, rewrote, rewritten menulis ulang, ditulis ulang
rid, rid/ridded, rid/ridded mengusir, menyingkirkan, diusir, disingkirkan
ride, rode, ridden menunggang, naik, ditunggangi, dinaiki
ring, rang, rung berdering, (homonim: cincin-ring)
rise, rose, risen terbit, naik, (homonim: mawar-rose)
rive, rived/rove, rived/riven
run, ran, run berlari
saw, sawed, sawed/sawn menggergaji, digergaji, (homonim: gergaji-saw, melihat-see/saw/seen)
say, said, said berkata, mengatakan, dikatakan
see, saw, seen melihat, lihat, dilihat, terlihat
seek, sought, sought mencari, dicari
sell, sold, sold menjual, dijual, terjual
send, sent, sent mengirim, kirim, dikirim, terkirim
set, set, set menata, ditata
sew, sewed, sewn/sewed menjahit, dijahit
shake, shook, shaken mengocok, goyang, bergetar, terguncang, dikocong, digoyang, diguncang
shall, should, should dapat, harus
shave, shaved/shove, shaved/shaven mencukur, bercukur, dicukur
shear, shore/sheared, shorn/sheared mencukur (bulu domba), dicukur, (homonim: pantai-shore)
shed, shed, shed melepaskan, meneteskan
shine, shone/shined, shone/shined berkilau, bersinar
shoe, shoed/shod, shoed/shod bersepatu, (homonim: sepatu-shoe)
shoot, shot, shot menembak, ditembak, tertembak
show, showed, shown/showed menunjukan, menampilkan, ditampilkan, ditunjukkan, (homonim: acara-show)
shrink, shrank/shrunk, shrunk/shrunken mengkerut, menyusut, mengecil, menciut, (homonim: psikolog-shrink)
shrive, shrove/shrived, shriven
shut, shut, shut menutup, ditutup, tertutup
sing, sang, sung menyanyi, bernyanyi, dinyanyikan
sink, sank, sunk tenggelam, karam, ditenggelamkan (homonim: wastafel-sink)
sit, sat, sat/sitten/setten duduk
slay, slew/slayed, slain/slayed membantai, membunuh, dibunuh, terbunuh
sleep, slept, slept tidur, tertidur
slide, slid, slid meluncur
sling, slung/slang, slung melempar, tersampir, (homonim: ketapel-sling, gaul-slang)
slink, slunk/slinked, slunk/slinked menyelinap
slit, slit, slit membelah, menggorok
smell, smelled/smelt, smelled/smelt berbau, mencium, tercium, (homonim: bau-smell)
smite, smote, smitten/smote menghantam, memukul, dihantam, dipukul, terpukul
sneak, sneaked/snuck, sneaked/snuck menyelinap
sow, sowed, sowed/sown menebar, menabur, ditebar, ditaburkan, (homonim: babi betina-sow)
speak, spoke, spoken berbicara
speed, sped/speeded, sped/speeded mempercepat, melesat, dipercepat, (homonim: kecepatan-speed)
spell, spelled/spelt, spelled/spelt mengeja, dieja, (homonim: mantera-spell)
spend, spent, spent membelanjakan, menghabiskan, dihabiskan
spill, spilt/spilled, spilt/spilled menumpahkan, ditumpahkan
spin, spun, spun berputar
spit, spit/spat, spit/spit meludah, diludahi
split, split, split membelah, terbelah
spoil, spoiled/spoilt, spoiled/spoilt memanjakan, merusak, manja, (homonim: jarahan-spoil)
spoon-feed, spoon-fed, spoon-fed menyuapi, disuapi
spread, spread, spread menyebarkan, disebarkan
spring, sprung/sprang, sprung melepaskan, bermunculan, melompat, (homonim: musim semi-spring)
stand, stood, stood berdiri
steal, stole, stolen mencuri, dicuri
stick, stuck, stuck menempelkan, terjebak, (homonim: tongkat-stick)
sting, stung, stung menyengat, disengat, (homonim: sengatan-sting)
stink, stank/stunk, stunk berbau busuk, bau, berbau/stunk, stunk
strew, strewed, strewn/strewed menaburkan, menaburi, menabur, berserakan, ditaburi
stride, strode, stridden melangkahi, dilangkahi
strike, struck, stricken menyerang, diserang, terserang, (homonim: pemogokan-strike)
string, strung, strung menalikan, digantung, (homonim: tali-string)
strive, strove/strived, striven/strived berjuang, berusaha, berupaya
swear, swore, sworn bersumpah, menyumpah, disumpah
sweat, sweat/sweated, sweat/sweated berkeringat, (homonim: keringat-sweat)
sweep, swept, swept menyapu, disapu
swell, swelled, swollen/swelled membengkak
swim, swam, swum berenang
swing, swung, swung berayun, (homonim: ayunan-swing)
take, took, taken mengambil, diambil
teach, taught, taught mengajar, mengajari, diajar, diajari
tear, tore, torn merobek, (homonim: air mata-tear)
tell, told, told menceritakan, mengatakan, diceritakan, dikatakan
think, thought, thought berpikir
thrive, throve/thrived, thriven/thrived berkembang
throw, threw, thrown melempar, melemparkan, dilemparkan
thrust, thrust, thrust mendorong, didorong
tread, trod, trodden/trod menempuh, menginjak, diinjak, ditempuh
unbind, unbound, unbound memperlonggar, membuka ikatan
undergo, underwent, undergone menjalani, mengalami
underlie, underlay, underlain mendasari
understand, understood, understood mengerti, memahami
undertake, undertook, undertaken melakukan, dilakukan
underwrite, underwrote, underwritten penjamin, ditanggung
undo, undid, undone membatalkan, dibatalkan
unwind, unwound, unwound membatalkan, dibatalkan
uphold, upheld, upheld menegakkan, ditegakkan
upset, upset, upset mengacau, merusak, mengecewakan, (homonim: sedih, kesal, marah-upset)
wake, woke/waked, woken/waked membangunkan, dibangunkan, terbangun
waylay, waylaid, waylaid mencegat, dicegat
wear, wore, worn memakai, mengenakan, dipakai, dikenakan
weave, wove, woven menenun, ditenun
wed, wed/wedded, wed/wedded mengawini, menikahi, menikah, dinikahi
weep, wept, wept menangis, ditangisi
wet, wet/wetted, wet/wetted membasahi, mengompol, (homonim: basah-wet)
will, would, would akan, (homonim: niat, wasiat-will)
win, won, won memenangkan, dimenangkan
wind, wound, wound menggulung, digulung (homonim: angin-wind, luka-wound)
withdraw, withdrew, withdrawn menarik, ditarik
withhold, withheld, withheld mencegah, menahan, dicegah, ditahan, dirahasiakan
withstand, withstood, withstood menahan, bertahan
work, worked/wrought, worked/wrought bekerja, dikerjakan, ditempa
wring, wrung, wrung memeras, meremas, meremas-remas
write, wrote, written menulis, ditulis, tertulis


Academic 1

sector sektor
available tersedia
financial keuangan
process proses
individual individu
specific spesifik
principle prinsip
estimate estimasi
variables variabel
method metode
data data
research penelitian
contract kontrak
environment lingkungan
export ekspor
source sumber
assessment penilaian
policy kebijakan
identified diidentifikasi
create membuat
derived berasal
factors faktor
procedure prosedur
definition definisi
assume mengasumsikan
theory teori
benefit manfaat
evidence bukti
established didirikan
authority otoritas
major utama
issues masalah
labour tenaga kerja
occur terjadi
economic ekonomi
involved terlibat
percent persen
interpretation interpretasi
consistent konsisten
income pendapatan
structure struktur
legal hukum
concept konsep
formula rumus
section bagian
required diperlukan
constitutional konstitusional
analysis analisis
distribution distribusi
function fungsi
area daerah
approach pendekatan
role peran
legislation undang-undang
indicate menunjukkan
response tanggapan
period periode
context konteks
significant signifikan
similar serupa

Academic 2

community komunitas
resident penduduk
range kisaran
construction konstruksi
strategies strategi
elements elemen
previous sebelumnya
conclusion kesimpulan
security keamanan
aspects aspek
acquisition akuisisi
features fitur
text teks
commission komisi
regulations peraturan
computer komputer
items item
consumer konsumen
achieve mencapai
final akhir
positive positif
evaluation evaluasi
assistance bantuan
normal biasa
relevant relevan
distinction perbedaan
region wilayah
traditional tradisional
impact dampak
consequences konsekuensi
chapter bab
equation persamaan
appropriate tepat
resources sumber
participation partisipasi
survey survei
potential potensi
cultural budaya
transfer transfer
select pilih
credit kredit
affect mempengaruhi
categories kategori
perceived dirasakan
sought dicari
focus fokus
purchase pembelian
injury cedera
site situs web
journal jurnal
primary primer
complex kompleks
institute lembaga
investment investasi
administration administrasi
maintenance pemeliharaan
design desain
obtained diperoleh
restricted pembatasan
conduct melakukan

Academic 3

comments komentar
convention konvensi
published diterbitkan
framework kerangka
implies menyiratkan
negative negatif
dominant dominan
illustrated diilustrasikan
outcomes hasil
constant konstan
shift pergeseran
deduction deduksi
ensure memastikan
specified ditentukan
justification pembenaran
funds dana
reliance ketergantungan
physical fisik
partnership kemitraan
location lokasi
link link
coordination koordinasi
alternative alternatif
initial awal
validity validitas
task tugas
techniques teknik
excluded dikecualikan
consent persetujuan
proportion proporsi
demonstrate menunjukkan
reaction reaksi
criteria kriteria
minorities minoritas
technology teknologi
philosophy filsafat
removed dihapus
sex sex
compensation kompensasi
sequence urutan
corresponding sesuai
maximum maksimum
circumstances keadaan
instance contoh
considerable cukup
sufficient cukup
corporate perusahaan
interaction interaksi
contribution kontribusi
immigration imigrasi
component komponen
constraints kendala
technical teknis
emphasis penekanan
scheme skema
layer lapisan
volume volume
document dokumen
registered terdaftar
core inti

Academic 4

overall keseluruhan
emerged muncul
regime rezim
implementation implementasi
project proyek
hence maka
occupational kerja
internal intern
goals tujuan
retained ditahan
sum sum
integration integrasi
mechanism mekanisme
parallel paralel
imposed dikenakan
despite meskipun
job pekerjaan
parameters parameter
approximate perkiraan
label label
concentration konsentrasi
principal pokok
series seri
predicted diprediksi
summary ringkasan
attitudes sikap
undertaken dilakukan
cycle siklus
communication komunikasi
ethnic etnis
hypothesis hipotesis
professional profesional
status status
conference konferensi
attributed dikaitkan
annual tahunan
obvious jelas
error error
implications implikasi
apparent jelas
commitment komitmen
subsequent selanjutnya
debate debat
dimensions dimensi
promote mempromosikan
statistics statistik
option pilihan
domestic domestik
output output
access akses
code kode
investigation investigasi
phase fase
prior sebelumnya
granted diberikan
stress stres
civil sipil
contrast kontras
resolution resolusi
adequate memadai

Academic 5

alter mengubah
stability stabilitas
energy energi
aware sadar
licence lisensi
enforcement penegakan
draft draft
styles gaya
precise tepat
medical medis
pursue mengejar
symbolic simbolik
marginal marjinal
capacity kapasitas
generation generasi
exposure eksposur
decline penurunan
academic akademik
modified dimodifikasi
external eksternal
psychology psikologi
fundamental mendasar
adjustment penyesuaian
ratio rasio
whereas sedangkan
enable mengaktifkan
version versi
perspective perspektif
contact kontak
network jaringan
facilitate memfasilitasi
welfare kesejahteraan
transition transisi
amendment perubahan
logic logika
rejected ditolak
expansion ekspansi
clause klausa
prime perdana
target target
objective tujuan
sustainable berkelanjutan
equivalent setara
liberal liberal
notion gagasan
substitution substitusi
generated dihasilkan
trend tren
revenue pendapatan
compounds senyawa
evolution evolusi
conflict konflik
image gambar
discretion kebijaksanaan
entities entitas
orientation orientasi
consultation konsultasi
mental mental yang
monitoring monitoring
challenge tantangan

Academic 6

intelligence kecerdasan
transformation transformasi
presumption anggapan
acknowledged diakui
utility utilitas
furthermore selanjutnya
accurate akurat
diversity keragaman
attached terpasang
recovery recovery
assigned ditugaskan
tapes kaset
motivation motivasi
bond obligasi
edition edisi
nevertheless namun demikian
transport transportasi
cited dikutip
fees biaya
scope lingkup
enhanced ditingkatkan
incorporated dimasukkan
instructions instruksi
subsidiary anak perusahaan
input masukan
abstract abstrak
ministry pelayanan
capable mampu
expert ahli
preceding sebelumnya
display tampilan
incentive insentif
inhibition penghambatan
trace jejak
ignored diabaikan
incidence kejadian
estate estate
cooperative koperasi
revealed mengungkapkan
index indeks
lecture kuliah
discrimination diskriminasi
overseas luar negeri
explicit eksplisit
aggregate agregat
gender jender
underlying mendasari
brief singkat
domain domain
rational rasional
minimum minimum
interval interval
neutral netral
migration migrasi
flexibility fleksibilitas
federal federal
author penulis
initiatives inisiatif
allocation alokasi
exceed melebihi

Academic 7

intervention intervensi
confirmed dikonfirmasi
definite pasti
classical klasik
chemical kimia
voluntary sukarela
release release
visible terlihat
finite terbatas
publication publikasi
channel channel
file berkas
thesis tesis
equipment peralatan
disposal pembuangan
solely semata-mata
deny menyangkal
identical identik
submitted diajukan
grade kelas
phenomenon fenomena
paradigm paradigma
ultimately akhirnya
extract ekstrak
survive bertahan
converted dikonversi
transmission transmisi
global global yang
inferred disimpulkan
guarantee jaminan
advocate advokat
dynamic dinamis
simulation simulasi
topic topik
insert menyisipkan
reverse membalikkan
decades dekade
comprise terdiri
hierarchical hirarkis
unique unik
comprehensive komprehensif
couple pasangan
mode modus
differentiation diferensiasi
eliminate menghilangkan
priority prioritas
empirical empiris
ideology ideologi
somewhat agak
aid bantuan
foundation yayasan
adults orang dewasa
adaptation adaptasi
quotation kutipan
contrary sebaliknya
media media
successive berturut-turut
innovation inovasi
prohibited dilarang
isolated terisolasi

Academic 8

highlighted disorot
eventually akhirnya
inspection inspeksi
termination pemutusan
displacement perpindahan
arbitrary sewenang-wenang
reinforced diperkuat
denote menunjukkan
offset mengimbangi
exploitation eksploitasi
detected terdeteksi
abandon meninggalkan
random acak
revision revisi
virtually hampir
uniform seragam
predominantly didominasi
thereby demikian
implicit implisit
tension ketegangan
ambiguous ambigu
vehicle kendaraan
clarity kejelasan
conformity kesesuaian
contemporary kontemporer
automatically secara otomatis
accumulation akumulasi
appendix lampiran
widespread luas
infrastructure infrastruktur
deviation deviasi
fluctuations fluktuasi
restore mengembalikan
guidelines pedoman
commodity komoditas
minimises meminimalkan
practitioners praktisi
radical radikal
plus ditambah
visual visual yang
chart grafik
appreciation apresiasi
prospect prospek
dramatic dramatis
contradiction kontradiksi
currency mata uang
inevitably pasti
complement komplemen
accompany menemani
paragraph ayat
induced diinduksi
schedule jadwal
intensity intensitas
crucial penting
via melalui
exhibit pameran
bias bias
manipulation manipulasi
theme tema
nuclear nuklir

Academic 9

bulk massal
behalf nama
unified terpadu
commenced dimulai
erosion erosi
anticipated diantisipasi
minimal minimal
ceases berhenti
vision visi
mutual saling
norms norma
intermediate menengah
manual panduan
supplementary tambahan
incompatible kompatibel
concurrent bersamaan
ethical etika
preliminary awal
integral terpisahkan
conversely sebaliknya
relaxed santai
confined terbatas
accommodation hotel
temporary sementara
distorted terdistorsi
passive pasif
subordinate bawahan
analogous analog
military militer
scenario skenario
revolution revolusi
diminished berkurang
coherence koherensi
suspended ditangguhkan
mature dewasa
assurance jaminan
rigid kaku
controversy kontroversi
sphere sphere
mediation mediasi
format format
trigger memicu
qualitative kualitatif
portion bagian
medium media
coincide bertepatan
violation pelanggaran
device perangkat
insights wawasan
refine memperbaiki
devoted setia
team tim
overlap tumpang tindih
attained mencapai
restraints pembatasan
inherent melekat
route rute
protocol protokol
founded didirikan
duration durasi

Academic 10

whereby dimana
inclination kecenderungan
encountered ditemui
convinced yakin
assembly assembly
albeit meskipun
enormous besar
reluctant enggan
posed berpose
persistent persisten
undergo menjalani
notwithstanding meskipun
straightforward langsung
panel panel
odd aneh
intrinsic intrinsik
compiled dikompilasi
adjacent berdekatan
integrity integritas
forthcoming akan datang
conceived dipahami
ongoing berkelanjutan
so-called disebut
likewise juga
nonetheless tetap
levy retribusi
invoked dipanggil
colleagues rekan
depression depresi
collapse keruntuhan